Journal of Food Security
ISSN (Print): 2372-0115 ISSN (Online): 2372-0107 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jfs Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
Journal of Food Security. 2021, 9(2), 46-55
DOI: 10.12691/jfs-9-2-2
Open AccessArticle

Food Security in Urban Cities: A Case Study Conducted in Johannesburg, South Africa

Michael Rudolph1, , Florian Kroll1, Evans Muchesa1, Mark Paiker2 and Paul Fatti3

1Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment (FEBE), University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa

2DMSA, Johannesburg, South Africa

3³University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

Pub. Date: April 06, 2021

Cite this paper:
Michael Rudolph, Florian Kroll, Evans Muchesa, Mark Paiker and Paul Fatti. Food Security in Urban Cities: A Case Study Conducted in Johannesburg, South Africa. Journal of Food Security. 2021; 9(2):46-55. doi: 10.12691/jfs-9-2-2

Abstract

The objectives of the study were to determine the prevalence of food insecurity in greater Johannesburg metropole (South Africa). A total of 1000 households were interviewed using standardised food insecurity scaling and scoring metrics. Findings revealed that 34% of households experienced food insecurity and almost 60% spent R1000($57) or less on food per month. Only half of respondents reported adequate food provisioning throughout the year. Many households frequently bought less preferred foods or only what was necessary and almost 50% borrowed food or money to cope with food insecurity. Appropriate interventions to alleviate food and nutrition security are essential.

Keywords:
food security City of Johannesburg urbanisation nutrition household hunger sources access

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Rudolph, M., Kroll, F. 2016. City of Johannesburg Food Resilience Programme Evaluation Final Report, Wits Commercial Enterprise, Wits Siyakhana Initiative, School of Geography, Archaeology and Environmental Studies (GAES), October 2016.
 
[2]  Rudolph, M., Muchesa, E. and Kroll, F., 2020. Use of Urban Agriculture in Addressing Health Disparities and Promotion of Ecological Health in South Africa. current health, 10, p.12.
 
[3]  Rudolph, M., Kroll, F., Ruysenaar, S., Dlamini, T. 2012. The state of food insecurity in Johannesburg. AFSUN Urban Food Security Series No. 12. Kingston: Queen’s University and Cape Town: AFSUN.
 
[4]  Bartels, P., Rijgersberg, H., Groot, J., Bos-Brouwers, H., & van Gogh, B. (2018). Future Food Basket: methodology for the forecasting of the future food demand (No. 1842). Wageningen Food & Biobased Research.
 
[5]  Battersby, J. and Watson, V., 2018. Addressing food security in African cities. Nature Sustainability 1(4):153-155.
 
[6]  Stats S.A., 2017. Poverty trends in South Africa. An examination of absolute poverty between 2006 and 2015. Report No. 03-10-062015. Statistics South Africa. Pretoria.
 
[7]  Stats S.A., 2018. Statistical release P0302: Mid-year population estimates. Pretoria, South Africa.
 
[8]  Bilinsky, P., Swindale, A., 2017. Months of Adequate Household Food Provisioning (MAHFP) for measurement of household food access: Indicator guide (v. 4). Washington, DC: FHI 360/FANTA; 2010.
 
[9]  Crush, J., Frayne, B. 2011a. Urban food insecurity and the new international food security agenda. Development Southern Africa 28(4): 527-544.
 
[10]  DAFF. 2014. The National Policy on Food and Nutrition Security for the Republic of South Africa. Pretoria: Government of South Africa. http://www.daff.gov.za/docs/media/NATIONAL%20POLICYon%20food%20and%20nutrirition%20security.pdf.
 
[11]  Drimie, S., Faber, M., Vearey, J. Nunez, L. 2013. Dietary diversity of formal and informal residents in Johannesburg, South Africa. BMC Public Health 2013: 13: 911.
 
[12]  GCRO OCCASIONAL PAPER # NO. 15. Urban agriculture in the Gauteng City-Region’s green infrastructure network. JULY 2020, Compiled by Hannah Benn. Downloaded 18/08/2020 https://www.gcro.ac.za/m/documents/Urban_Agricilture_OP_final_July_2020.pdf.
 
[13]  Haysom, G. and Tawodzera, G., 2018. “Measurement drives diagnosis and response”: Gaps in transferring food security assessment to the urban scale. Food Policy 74:117-125.
 
[14]  Holdsworth, M., Landais, E., 2019, January. Urban food environments in Africa: implications for policy and research. In Proceedings of the Nutrition Society. Cambridge University Press.
 
[15]  Khumalo, N. Z., & Sibanda, M. (2019). Does Urban and Peri-Urban Agriculture Contribute to Household Food Security? An Assessment of the Food Security Status of Households in Tongaat, eThekwini Municipality. Sustainability, 11(4), 1082.
 
[16]  Lappeman, J., Litkie, J., Bramdaw, S., & Quibell, A. (2020). Exploring retail orientated rotating savings and credit associations: festive season ‘stokvels’ in South Africa. The International Review of Retail, Distribution and Consumer Research, 30(3), 331-358.
 
[17]  Masa, R., Graham, L., Khan, Z., Chowa, G., & Patel, L. (2019). Food insecurity, sexual risk taking, and sexual victimization in Ghanaian adolescents and young South African adults. International journal of public health, 64(2), 153-163.
 
[18]  Chakona, G., Shackleton, C.M. 2019. Food insecurity in South Africa: To what extent can social grants and consumption of wild foods eradicate hunger? World Development Perspectives 13: 87-94.
 
[19]  Tumushabe, J. T. (2018). Climate change, food security and sustainable development in Africa. In The Palgrave handbook of African politics, governance and development (pp. 853-868). Palgrave Macmillan, New York.
 
[20]  Wegerif, M. C. (2020). “Informal” food traders and food security: experiences from the Covid-19 response in South Africa. Food Security, 1-4.