Journal of Food Security
ISSN (Print): 2372-0115 ISSN (Online): 2372-0107 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jfs Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
Journal of Food Security. 2021, 9(1), 25-28
DOI: 10.12691/jfs-9-1-4
Open AccessArticle

Households Food Insecurity and Related Factors in North Localities, Kassala State, Eastern Sudan

Mohamed Abd Alrazik Desogi1, , Fatima Abbas Khalid2, Awadia Khojali Mohamed3, Asma Mahmoud Hamza4, Sarah Salih Mohammed5, Abdualmoniem Omer Abdalla6, Isameldin Mustafa Mohamed7, Mahgoub Ali Adam1 and Abdalla Ali Mohammed3

1Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, University of Kassala, Kassala, Sudan

2Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Kassala, Kassala, Sudan

3Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine& Health Sciences, University of Kassala, Kassala, Sudan

4Department of Biology, Faculty of Education, University of Kassala, Kassala, Sudan

5Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine & health Sciences, University of Kassala, Kassala, Sudan

6Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, University of Kassala, Kassala, Sudan

7Department of Geography, Faculty of Education, University of Kassala, Kassala, Sudan

Pub. Date: January 29, 2021

Cite this paper:
Mohamed Abd Alrazik Desogi, Fatima Abbas Khalid, Awadia Khojali Mohamed, Asma Mahmoud Hamza, Sarah Salih Mohammed, Abdualmoniem Omer Abdalla, Isameldin Mustafa Mohamed, Mahgoub Ali Adam and Abdalla Ali Mohammed. Households Food Insecurity and Related Factors in North Localities, Kassala State, Eastern Sudan. Journal of Food Security. 2021; 9(1):25-28. doi: 10.12691/jfs-9-1-4

Abstract

Background: Eastern Sudan suffered from poverty, drought and climatic changed that increase the burden of food insecurity. Method: This is a cross sectional study conducted in a remote locality in Kassala State (Eastern Sudan), to determine the magnitude and relating factors of household food insecurity. We studied 445 households in 16 villages. We used specially designed structured questionnaire. We used food consumption score (FCS) to measure household food insecurity . Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20.0 statistical package. Frequencies and Chi2 were performed. Multivariable logistic regression was used to develop the final model indicating the predictors of the outcome variable. Results: Food insecurity and vulnerability for food insecurity is found in 181 (38.7%) of household studied. Eating habits and avoidance of certain types of food was found among other contributing factors. The study included 445 households, 181 (38.7%) of them were food insecure or vulnerable to be insecure. A high percentage (67.2%) was reported in Hamishokreib locality. There were significant associations (P < 0.001) between household's food insecurity and income, household size, number of children, eating habits and avoidance of certain types of food. Conclusion: According to the study findings, more attention is needed to improve household food security in the study area .Good eating habits can be achieved by designing education programs to improve knowledge, skills, and attitudes related to healthy eating and food preparation and overall, increasing household income through improving the farming methods, and finding the alternative sources of income.

Keywords:
households food insecurity related factors Kassala state Eastern Sudan

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Food: a fundamental human right. Rome: FAO; 1996.
 
[2]  Faber M, Schwabe C, Drimie S. Dietary diversity in relation to other household food security indicators. Int. J. Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health; 2009; Vol. 2, No. 1.
 
[3]  Semba RD, Campbell AA, Sun K, de Pee S, Akhter N, Moench-Pfanner R, et al. Paternal smoking is associated with greater food insecurity among poor families in rural Indonesia. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2011; 20(4): 618-23. [PubMed: 22094848].
 
[4]  Worku Endale ZBM, Azeb A, Akilew AA. Food Insecurity in Farta District, Northwest Ethiopia: a community based cross-sectional study. BMC Res Notes. 2014; 7: 130.
 
[5]  Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. The State of Food Insecurity in the World. Strengthening the enabling environment for food security and nutrition Rome; 2014.
 
[6]  Global food security index. An annual measure of the state of global food security. A report from The Economist Intelligence Unit; 2014.
 
[7]  The Sustainable Development Goals Report, United Nations New York; 2018.
 
[8]  Conflicts, climatic change, drive food insecurity and undernourishment in sub-Saharan Africa - UN; November 2017.
 
[9]  The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World. WFP; 2018. www1.wfp.org/countries/sudan.
 
[10]  Mirghani OA, Ibrahim AH, Hashim AA and Khalifa ASO. Determinants of Food Security in Gezira Scheme of Sudan. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications. 2016; 6 (11).
 
[11]  The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World; 2018.
 
[12]  FSTS 2013. Food Security Technical Secretariat (FSTS), Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation, Government of Sudan, in collaboration with partners and supporting organizations. Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC); February-April 2013, Khartoum
 
[13]  Sudan acute food insecurity situation overview. IPC Integrated food security phase classification; 2018.
 
[14]  World Food Programme, Sudan. A Comprehensive Food Security Assessment in Kassala State, Sudan. UN world food programme, Kassala state ministry of agriculture; 2012.
 
[15]  Daniel WW. Biostatistics: A Foundation for Analysis in the Health Sciences. 7th edition; 1999. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
 
[16]  Interagency Workshop Report WFP - FAO Measures of Food Consumption - Harmonizing Methodologies Rome; 2008
 
[17]  Kaloi B, Tayebwa B, Bashaasha B. Food security status of households in Mwingi District, Kenya. Afr Crop Sci Conf Proc. 2005; 7: 867-73.
 
[18]  Shone M, Demissie T, Yohannes B, and Yohannis M. Household food insecurity and associated factors in West Abaya district, Southern Ethiopia, 2015. Agric & Food Secur. 2017; 6 (2).
 
[19]  Tantu AT, Gamebo TD, Sheno BK and Kabalo MY. Household food insecurity and associated factors among households in Wolaita Sodo town, 2015. Agriculture & Food Security. 2017; 6 (19).
 
[20]  Kim K, Kim MK, Shin YJ, Lee SS. Factors related to household food insecurity in the Republic of Korea. Public Health Nutr. 2011; 14 (6): 1080-1087. Epub 2011 Feb 7.
 
[21]  Mortazavi Z,,Dorosty AR, Eshraghian MR, Ghaffari M, and Ansari-Moghaddam A. Household Food Insecurity and Its Association with Self-reported Infectious and Parasitic Diseases Among Household Mothers in Southeast of Iran. Health Scope. 2017 August; 6(3): e15125.
 
[22]  Gholami A, Sani TR, Askari M, Jahromi ZM, and Dehghan A. Food insecurity status and associated factors among rural households in North-East of Iran. Int J Prev Med. 2013; 4 (9): 1018-1024.