Journal of Food Security
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Journal of Food Security. 2021, 9(1), 25-28
DOI: 10.12691/jfs-9-1-4
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Households Food Insecurity and Related Factors in North Localities, Kassala State, Eastern Sudan

Mohamed Abd Alrazik Desogi1, , Fatima Abbas Khalid2, Awadia Khojali Mohamed3, Asma Mahmoud Hamza4, Sarah Salih Mohammed5, Abdualmoniem Omer Abdalla6, Isameldin Mustafa Mohamed7, Mahgoub Ali Adam1 and Abdalla Ali Mohammed3

1Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, University of Kassala, Kassala, Sudan

2Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Kassala, Kassala, Sudan

3Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine& Health Sciences, University of Kassala, Kassala, Sudan

4Department of Biology, Faculty of Education, University of Kassala, Kassala, Sudan

5Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine & health Sciences, University of Kassala, Kassala, Sudan

6Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, University of Kassala, Kassala, Sudan

7Department of Geography, Faculty of Education, University of Kassala, Kassala, Sudan

Pub. Date: January 29, 2021

Cite this paper:
Mohamed Abd Alrazik Desogi, Fatima Abbas Khalid, Awadia Khojali Mohamed, Asma Mahmoud Hamza, Sarah Salih Mohammed, Abdualmoniem Omer Abdalla, Isameldin Mustafa Mohamed, Mahgoub Ali Adam and Abdalla Ali Mohammed. Households Food Insecurity and Related Factors in North Localities, Kassala State, Eastern Sudan. Journal of Food Security. 2021; 9(1):25-28. doi: 10.12691/jfs-9-1-4


Background: Eastern Sudan suffered from poverty, drought and climatic changed that increase the burden of food insecurity. Method: This is a cross sectional study conducted in a remote locality in Kassala State (Eastern Sudan), to determine the magnitude and relating factors of household food insecurity. We studied 445 households in 16 villages. We used specially designed structured questionnaire. We used food consumption score (FCS) to measure household food insecurity . Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20.0 statistical package. Frequencies and Chi2 were performed. Multivariable logistic regression was used to develop the final model indicating the predictors of the outcome variable. Results: Food insecurity and vulnerability for food insecurity is found in 181 (38.7%) of household studied. Eating habits and avoidance of certain types of food was found among other contributing factors. The study included 445 households, 181 (38.7%) of them were food insecure or vulnerable to be insecure. A high percentage (67.2%) was reported in Hamishokreib locality. There were significant associations (P < 0.001) between household's food insecurity and income, household size, number of children, eating habits and avoidance of certain types of food. Conclusion: According to the study findings, more attention is needed to improve household food security in the study area .Good eating habits can be achieved by designing education programs to improve knowledge, skills, and attitudes related to healthy eating and food preparation and overall, increasing household income through improving the farming methods, and finding the alternative sources of income.

households food insecurity related factors Kassala state Eastern Sudan

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