Journal of Food Security
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Journal of Food Security. 2020, 8(2), 72-76
DOI: 10.12691/jfs-8-2-5
Open AccessArticle

Prevalence of Household Food Insecurity among Households in Selected Areas in Bangladesh

Md. Nahian Rahman1, , Syeda Saima Alam2, Mahbubur Rahman3, Shaidaton Nisha1 and Khaleda Islam4

1MSc, Institute of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh

2Lecturer, Department of Food Technology and Nutrition Science, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Bangladesh

3Nutrition Consultant, UNICEF, Bangladesh

4Professor, Institute of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh

Pub. Date: July 24, 2020

Cite this paper:
Md. Nahian Rahman, Syeda Saima Alam, Mahbubur Rahman, Shaidaton Nisha and Khaleda Islam. Prevalence of Household Food Insecurity among Households in Selected Areas in Bangladesh. Journal of Food Security. 2020; 8(2):72-76. doi: 10.12691/jfs-8-2-5

Abstract

Household food insecurity is where no-one in the household has physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food that meets dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life at all times. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Dhaka, Mymensing, Khulna and Sylhet division of Bangladesh. Total 100 households were selected by multistage sampling. Data were collected using structured and pretested questionnaire through interviewing household heads. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 23 statistical package. Descriptive statistics and chi square were performed to achieve study objectives. It was found that about 19% households were food insecure. Of those households, 6% were mildly food insecure, 11% and 2% households were moderately and severely food insecure, respectively. Findings suggest that attention is needed on stabilization of food markets, and job opportunities should be created to improve household food insecurity in these study areas.

Keywords:
household food insecurity prevalence food security Bangladesh Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) household

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