Journal of Food Security
ISSN (Print): 2372-0115 ISSN (Online): 2372-0107 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jfs Editor-in-chief: Monideepa Becerra
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Journal of Food Security. 2013, 1(2), 58-64
DOI: 10.12691/jfs-1-2-8
Open AccessArticle

Mitigating Food Security Options through Climate Resilient Mustard-maize Based Intercropping Sequences for North-western –Himalayas

BRIJ NANDAN1, , B.C. SHARMA1 and ANIL KUMAR1

1Pulses Research Sub-station, She-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Jammu AraziFarm, Samba, Jammu & Kashmir

Pub. Date: December 17, 2013

Cite this paper:
BRIJ NANDAN, B.C. SHARMA and ANIL KUMAR. Mitigating Food Security Options through Climate Resilient Mustard-maize Based Intercropping Sequences for North-western –Himalayas. Journal of Food Security. 2013; 1(2):58-64. doi: 10.12691/jfs-1-2-8

Abstract

Field experiments were conducted at Dry Land Research Sub-station of Sher-e Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Jammu during rabi (winter) (winter) season of 2008-09 to kharif (monsoon)(monsoon) season of 2010 on the same site and layout. The experimental field was well drained upland with bulk density of 1.46 Mg/m3. The soil of the experimental site was sandy loam with low in organic carbon (0.42%), available nitrogen (174.2 kg/ha) and medium in available phosphorus (16.5 kg/ha), potassium (124.0 kg/ha) and sulphur (20.4 kg/ha). The study was conducted with the objective to identify the most suitable and promising mustard-maize intercropping sequence in changing climate scenario under kandi areas of Jammu region. The two years experimental findings revealed that the system productivity (47.0 and 49.1 kg/ha/day), production efficiency (59.6 and 62.3), nitrogen build up (18.7 kg/ha)and net returns (Rs.71608 and Rs.71090 /ha) with a benefit –cost ratio of 2.54 and 2.32 during the year 2008-09 and 2009-10,respectively were higher in the sequence where mustard was intercropped with fieldpea when succeeded by maize grown in association with cowpea followed by the sequence mustard+fieldpea succeeded by maize in association with moongbean intercropping sequences.

Keywords:
mustard-maize intercropping sequences kandi areas system productivity climate smart agriculture North-western-Himalayas

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