Journal of Food Security
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Journal of Food Security. 2019, 7(1), 28-32
DOI: 10.12691/jfs-7-1-5
Open AccessArticle

Prevalence and Associated Factors of Food Insecurity among Women Garment Factory Workers in Bangladesh

Sadika Sharmin1, 2, , Noor Aman Bin A. Hamid3 and Wan Abdul Manan Bin Wan Muda2

1Department of Rural Sociology, Bangladesh Agricultural University, P.O. Box-2202, Mymensingh, Bangladesh

2Programme in Nutrition, School of Health Science, University Sains Malaysia, P.O.Box-16150, Kelantan, Malaysia

3Department of Community Medicine, School of Medical Science, University Sains Malaysia, P.O.Box-16150, Kelantan, Malaysia

Pub. Date: February 17, 2019

Cite this paper:
Sadika Sharmin, Noor Aman Bin A. Hamid and Wan Abdul Manan Bin Wan Muda. Prevalence and Associated Factors of Food Insecurity among Women Garment Factory Workers in Bangladesh. Journal of Food Security. 2019; 7(1):28-32. doi: 10.12691/jfs-7-1-5


A significant number of female workers (1.6 million) are employed in different types of garment factories. Garment factory workers in Bangladesh are the lowest paid workers in the world. Achieving food security and other basic needs are a challenge due to financial constraints. The purpose of this study was to examine the food insecurity of women garment factory workers in Bangladesh. The study was carried out using a cross-sectional survey. The validated Bengali version of the Cornell-Radimer questionnaire was used for the purpose of collecting data on food insecurity. Logistic regression was performed to assess the association of food insecurity with socio-demographic, socio-economic and working condition variables. The results found that 71.9 percent of the women garment factory workers’ households faced food insecurity and 28.1 percent were food secure. Household size (OR2.02, 95% CI, 1.52-2.69, P=<0.001), being the head of the household (OR 0.42, 95% CI, 0.21- 0.82, P=0.012), and job satisfaction felt by the respondents (OR 0.50, 95% CI, 0.32-0.79, P= 0.003) were associated factors linked to food insecurity of women garment factory workers. To maintain food security, the government should raise the workers’ salary in tandem with the food prices in the market. Overtime salary per hour should be increased and proper payment of extra working hours should be ensured.

food insecurity women garment factory workers prevalence Bangladesh

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