Journal of Food Security
ISSN (Print): 2372-0115 ISSN (Online): 2372-0107 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jfs Editor-in-chief: Monideepa Becerra
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Journal of Food Security. 2019, 7(1), 8-12
DOI: 10.12691/jfs-7-1-2
Open AccessArticle

Historical Weather Impacts on boro Rice Cultivation in Bangladesh

M. Mehedi Hasan1, , Mohammad R. Hasan2 and Mohammad Jakaria2

1Department of Economics, Naogaon Government College, Naogaon 6500, Bangladesh

2Department of Economics, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur 5200, Bangladesh

Pub. Date: January 11, 2019

Cite this paper:
M. Mehedi Hasan, Mohammad R. Hasan and Mohammad Jakaria. Historical Weather Impacts on boro Rice Cultivation in Bangladesh. Journal of Food Security. 2019; 7(1):8-12. doi: 10.12691/jfs-7-1-2

Abstract

This study examines the past weather impacts on boro rice cultivation in Bangladesh including physical input variables to explore the impacts of weather. A cross-sectional time series dataset over 44 years consisting climate variables, non-climatic factors, and boro rice yield across seven climatic zones of the country is used for the present study. Employing a panel data regression model, findings reveal that average temperature reduces boro yield growth whereas seasonal rainfall improves it. All the physical input variables have positive and significant impacts on boro cultivation. However, the contribution of non-climatic factors is much higher than that of climate variables. Finally, physical inputs should get emphasized to include crop-climate model to estimate the exact impact of climate change on boro yield growth.

Keywords:
climate change physical inputs boro rice yield Bangladesh

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