Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2018, 6(12), 740-747
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-6-12-4
Open AccessArticle

Study the Effect of Total Carotenoids from Sporidiobolus pararoseus on Acute Lung Inflammation in Mice Exposed to Cigarette Smoke

Margaret Zaitoun1, 2, Maissam Ghanem1, 2, Chang Liu1, 3, Shuqing Wu1, 3, Yuliang Cheng1, 3, Weirong Yao1, 3, Yahui Guo1, 3, and He Qian1, 3,

1State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, 1800 Lihu Avenue, Wuxi 214122, China

2Faculty of Health Science, Al-baath University, Homs, Syria;International Joint Laboratory on Food Safety, Jiangnan University, 1800 Lihu Avenue, Wuxi 214122, China

3International Joint Laboratory on Food Safety, Jiangnan University, 1800 Lihu Avenue, Wuxi 214122, China

Pub. Date: December 21, 2018

Cite this paper:
Margaret Zaitoun, Maissam Ghanem, Chang Liu, Shuqing Wu, Yuliang Cheng, Weirong Yao, Yahui Guo and He Qian. Study the Effect of Total Carotenoids from Sporidiobolus pararoseus on Acute Lung Inflammation in Mice Exposed to Cigarette Smoke. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2018; 6(12):740-747. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-6-12-4


Cigarette smoke (CS) is a major risk for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Pathogenesis hallmarks in the lungs of COPD patients always contribute to causing inflammation and oxidative stress. Carotenoids, extracted from Sporidiobolus pararoseus, have antioxidant and antitumor effect. These carotenoids have a similar structure to lycopene, which is demonstrated effective in the treatment of lung inflammation. This presented work aims to investigate the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant functions of total carotenoids (TC), extracted from Sporidiobolus pararoseus, on mice under a short-term exposure of cigarette smoke. Forty-eight C57BL/6 male mice were divided into 6 groups (n=8): first group was control group exposed to ambient air, second group was CS group exposed to CS, third group was CS+LY18 group exposed to CS and treated with lycopene 18 mg/kg (CS+LY18), other groups (CS+TC18, CS+TC12, CS+TC9) exposed to CS and treated with (TC) at different doses (18, 12, 9 mg/kg) respectively. Treatment with TC especially at high dosage 18 mg/kg led to decrease the levels of MDA, GSH, activities of CAT, SOD in lung samples, as well as TNF-α and IL-6 levels in lungs and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. In addition, it attenuated the morphological changes in the lungs. The high dose of TC showed a stronger effect than lycopene. These results demonstrated that TC from Sporidiobolus pararoseus have effective functions for acute lung inflammation induced by CS, which suggested a positive intervention for the treatment of COPD.

Sporidiobolus pararoseus total carotenoids COPD cigarette smoke inflammation oxidative stress

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