Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jfnr Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2018, 6(7), 456-463
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-6-7-6
Open AccessArticle

Study of the Efficacy of Two Extraction Techniques from Crithmum maritimum and Salicornia europaea

Costa Cristina1, Padalino Lucia1, Spinelli Sara1, Serio Francesco2, Del Nobile Matteo Alessandro1, and Conte Amalia1

1Department of Agricultural Sciences, Food and Environment, University of Foggia, Via Napoli, 25 – 71121 Foggia, Italy

2Institute of Sciences of Food Production, CNR - National Research Council of Italy, Via G. Amendola, 122/O, 70126 Bari, Lecce, Italy

Pub. Date: July 26, 2018

Cite this paper:
Costa Cristina, Padalino Lucia, Spinelli Sara, Serio Francesco, Del Nobile Matteo Alessandro and Conte Amalia. Study of the Efficacy of Two Extraction Techniques from Crithmum maritimum and Salicornia europaea. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2018; 6(7):456-463. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-6-7-6

Abstract

The aim of this work was to study the characteristics of the extracts from two halophytes, sea fennel (Crithmum maritimum L.) and marsh samphire (Salicornia europaea L.) that naturally grow on the Mediterranean coast, by using ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) and supercritical fluid extraction (SFE). Best conditions for UAE were found at temperature 50°C, 20 min extraction time, 1:30 ratio solid:solvent and 40% (v/v) ethanol concentration. For SFE best conditions were at 50°C and 300 bar pressures with 40% (v/v) ethanol concentration. Total extract yield, total phenolic content, total flavonoid content and antioxidant capacity of the extracts were measured. For both species the best results were obtained with UAE technique. Between the two halophytes, the C. maritimum extract was the richest one in antioxidant compounds (total phenol = 23.44 mg GAEs gdw-1); under the best conditions the S. europea extract allowed recording only 9.31 mg GAEs gdw-1 of total phenol.

Keywords:
halophyte plant extraction SFE UAE bioactive compound antioxidant compounds

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