Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jfnr Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2018, 6(5), 295-301
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-6-5-3
Open AccessArticle

Effect of Wheat Bran Particle Size on the Quality of Whole Wheat Based Instant Fried Noodles

Lu Lu1, Xinlei Cao1, Sumei Zhou2, Yan Li1, 3, Li Wang1, 3, , Haifeng Qian1, 3, Hui Zhang1, 3 and Xiguang Qi1, 3

1School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China

2Institute of Agro-food Science and Technology, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China

3State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China;National Engineering Research Center for Functional Food, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China

Pub. Date: May 08, 2018

Cite this paper:
Lu Lu, Xinlei Cao, Sumei Zhou, Yan Li, Li Wang, Haifeng Qian, Hui Zhang and Xiguang Qi. Effect of Wheat Bran Particle Size on the Quality of Whole Wheat Based Instant Fried Noodles. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2018; 6(5):295-301. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-6-5-3

Abstract

This research investigated the effects of wheat bran (WB) particle size on the dough and final productions of instant fried noodles. With the decrease of particle size (from 487.9 to 148.5μm), the pasting properties gradually increased and the solvent retention capacities (SRC) of the dry mix were improved and the values of elasticity modulus (G’) and viscous modulus (G’’) of the noodle dough increased significantly. The SEM micrographs of noodle dough showed the more uniform starch granule structure could be formed with smaller WB particle. Moreover, the reduction of particle size gave the fried noodles a slightly darker surface, harder texture and weaker adhesiveness. Most importantly, the oil content of fried noodles decreased from 26.50% to 19.77% with the decrease of particle size. All the results indicated that the decreasing WB particle size reduce the negative effects of WB on the properties of dough and the qualities of noodles.

Keywords:
Instant fried noodles Wheat bran size Quality Oil content

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