Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jfnr Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2017, 5(10), 789-793
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-5-10-10
Open AccessArticle

Coffee Consumption Might Reduce the Risk of Osteopenia/Osteoporosis in Premenopausal Taiwanese Women

Huan-Cheng Chang1, 2, Chuan-Fa Hsieh3, 4, Yi-Chin Lin5, Disline Manli Tantoh6, Ya-Yu Kung7, Mei-Chi Lin7, Yi-Ching Liaw8 and Yung-Po Liaw6, 9,

1Division of Family Medicine, Department of Community Medicine, Landseed Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan

2Department of Health Care Management, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan

3Department of Medical Education and Research, Landseed Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan

4Center for General Education, Hsin Sheng College of Medical Care and Management, Taoyuan, Taiwan

5Institute of Nutritional Science, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan

6Department of Public Health and Institute of Public Health, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan

7Division of Health Management, Landseed Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan

8Institute of Clinical Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan

9Department of Family and Community Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan

Pub. Date: October 20, 2017

Cite this paper:
Huan-Cheng Chang, Chuan-Fa Hsieh, Yi-Chin Lin, Disline Manli Tantoh, Ya-Yu Kung, Mei-Chi Lin, Yi-Ching Liaw and Yung-Po Liaw. Coffee Consumption Might Reduce the Risk of Osteopenia/Osteoporosis in Premenopausal Taiwanese Women. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2017; 5(10):789-793. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-5-10-10

Abstract

The health impact of osteoporosis on individuals and the population at large is huge and its effect on national economies is negative. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between coffee consumption and osteopenia/osteoporosis in premenopausal and postmenopausal women in Taiwan. Data of 2929 women who completed a questionnaire about their weekly coffee consumption and bone health were retrieved from the Li-Shin Hospital (2006-2011). Coffee consumption was classified into 0, 1-4 and 5-7 cups per week (1 cup was equivalent to 400 mL). Osteoporosis and osteopenia were defined using bone mineral densities measured by quantitative ultrasound (QUS). Multiple logistic regression was used to determine the association between coffee drinking and osteopenia/osteoporosis. After exclusions were made, a total of 2533 participants were included in the final analysis. Adjusted confounders included age, hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), anti-Hepatitis C virus (HCV), waist-hip ratio (WHR), body mass index (BMI), smoking, alcohol, tea, exercise, vegetarian diet, supplements, yogurt, education, and blood type. There were 1336 premenopausal and 1593 postmenopausal women at baseline. Among the premenopausal women, an increase in the weekly coffee consumption significantly decreased the odds for osteoporosis (P-trend = 0.0179). The consumption of 1-4 and 5-7 cups of coffee per week significantly reduced the risk of osteoporosis/osteopenia (OR = 0.677; 95% C.I. = 0.469-0.978) and (OR = 0.607; 95% C.I. = 0.400-0.923), respectively. Among postmenopausal women, however, there was no significant relationship between weekly coffee consumption and osteoporosis/osteopenia. It was concluded that coffee drinking might likely minimize the risk of osteoporosis/osteopenia in premenopausal Taiwanese women.

Keywords:
menopause osteoporosis osteopenia coffee Taiwan

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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