Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jfnr Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2017, 5(10), 763-770
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-5-10-7
Open AccessArticle

Purification of Bovine Bone Oligophosphopeptide with High Calcium-binding Activity by Bacillus cereus MBL13 Collagenolytic Protease

Lili Liu1, 2, , Chenliu Yang1, Yang Zhu2, Yuanyuan Meng1 and Xiaoning Dai1

1College of Food and Bioengineering, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang, China

2School of Agriculture and Food Science, University of Queensland, Queensland, Austrilia

Pub. Date: October 10, 2017

Cite this paper:
Lili Liu, Chenliu Yang, Yang Zhu, Yuanyuan Meng and Xiaoning Dai. Purification of Bovine Bone Oligophosphopeptide with High Calcium-binding Activity by Bacillus cereus MBL13 Collagenolytic Protease. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2017; 5(10):763-770. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-5-10-7

Abstract

A demineralized bovine bone was hydrolyzed by a specific bone-degrading collagenolytic protease extracted from Bacillus cereus MBL13 (isolated from chopped animal bone wastes) to utilize its collagen in nutraceuticals with high calcium bioavailability. Bovine bone peptide (BBP), a novel oligophosphopeptide with a high calcium binding ability (8.25 mmol/g-protein), was isolated from bovine bone hydrolysates by Chelex 100, ultrafiltration, hydroxyapatite chromatography, gel filtration chromatography, and reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography. The results showed that demineralization treatment can significantly increase hydrolysis (p < 0.05). The amino acid content of BBP showed that the Asp, Ala, Tyr, and Thr contents were remarkable increments compared to the bone hydrolysates. The molecular mass of BBP was found to be around 3.305 kDa through SDS-PAGE and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. FT-IR spectra showed characteristic absorption peaks. Moreover, BBP exhibited higher calcium binding activity than that of casein oligophosphopeptide (CPP). Therefore, this study demonstrated that B. cereus MBL13 collagenolytic protease (BCC) could degrade bovine bone collagen, and prepared oligophosphopeptide could be utilized as a nutraceutical with high calcium-binding activity.

Keywords:
bovine bone collagen Bacillus cereus MBL13 collagenolytic protease oligophosphopeptide calcium binding activity

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