Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2017, 5(9), 684-688
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-5-9-8
Open AccessArticle

Replacing Sugar Sweetened Beverages with Plain Water Improves Body Composition among Female Youth

Nur Islami Mohd Fahmi Teng1, , Sa’ida Munira Johari2, Nur Azma Amin3, Hazwan Shah Ali1, Siti Hajar Mukhtar1 and Norsham Juliana Nordin2

1Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor, Malaysia

2Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

3Institute of Medical Science Technology, Universiti Kuala Lumpur, Selangor, Malaysia

Pub. Date: August 28, 2017

Cite this paper:
Nur Islami Mohd Fahmi Teng, Sa’ida Munira Johari, Nur Azma Amin, Hazwan Shah Ali, Siti Hajar Mukhtar and Norsham Juliana Nordin. Replacing Sugar Sweetened Beverages with Plain Water Improves Body Composition among Female Youth. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2017; 5(9):684-688. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-5-9-8


Sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake is considered an important contributing factor to obesity in youth. Replacing SSB with calorie-free beverage has potentially reduced energy intake and obesity prevention; however the health outcomes remain unclear. We evaluated the effect of the substitution of plain water for SSBs with incident of obesity in female youth. We conducted a two months intervention on plain water intake. A total of 43 overweight female (age 22.0 ± 2.6 years) were randomly assigned to Intervention (n=23) and Control (n= 20) groups. The intervention regime consists of increasing intake of daily plain water consumption, and avoiding SSB. However, intake of 1 serving of fresh milk per day is allowed. Body composition measurements, diet history questionnaires (DHQ), SF-36 and goal-adjustment scale (GAS) questionnaires were ascertained at baseline and week 8. There was a significant increase (p<0.001) in plain water intake in the Intervention group as compared to the Control group. With respect to body composition, there was a significant intervention effect in body weight (p<0.05) and BMI (p<0.01). It was shown that both body weight and BMI improved in the Intervention group as compared to Control. Both waist circumference and body fat percentage revealed significant group effect (p<0.05). No significant intervention effect was found on both SF-36 and GAS items. Replacing SSB with plain water is effective in improving body composition among youth. There is a need to conduct a larger scale study with longer duration and measuring biochemical parameters for further research.

obesity overweight plain water sugar sweetened beverages

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