Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jfnr Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2017, 5(8), 545-552
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-5-8-3
Open AccessArticle

Influence of Citrus Rootstocks in Bioactive Compounds of Clementines

Pilar Legua1, , Francisca Hernández1 and María Ángeles Forner-Giner2

1Miguel Hernández University, Department of Plant Sciences and Microbiology, Research Group in Plant Production and Technology, Ctra. de Beniel, Orihuela, Alicante, Spain

2Centro de Citricultura y Producción Vegetal. Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Agrarias (IVIA), Apartado Oficial, Moncada, Valencia, Spain

Pub. Date: July 25, 2017

Cite this paper:
Pilar Legua, Francisca Hernández and María Ángeles Forner-Giner. Influence of Citrus Rootstocks in Bioactive Compounds of Clementines. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2017; 5(8):545-552. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-5-8-3

Abstract

Citrus fruit is one of the most important commercial fruit crops in the world. It is essential to use citrus rootstocks in this crop, since all varieties, whether, oranges, tangerines, lemons and grapefruits are highly sensitive to Phytophthora spp., present in almost all soils. Selection of optimal rootstock is crucial for commercial cultivation of citrus fruit, as the effect fruit production, tree size, diseases, and adaptation to certain soil conditions. Besides, rootstock may affect internal quality parameters of citrus fruits, including juice total, soluble solids, acidity, antioxidant capacity, sugars and organic acids content, flavor. In this study, we evaluated the effect of three rootstocks (Carrizo citrange, C-35 citrange and Forner-Alcaide 5) on physicochemical parameters, sugars and organic acids, total antioxidant activity, total phenolic, crude fibre content and flavonoids, of ‘Clemenrubí’ and ‘Orogrós’ clementines. The results indicate that the effect of rootstock on the physicochemical parameters, antioxidant activity, total phenolic, sugars and organic acids and flavonoids of clementines fruits is a rather complex phenomenon that greatly depends on specific interactions between the rootstock and each particular scion variety. C-35 citrange rootstock produced the heaviest and bigger size fruits, while the rootstock Forner-Alcaide 5 produced the fruit with the major flavonoid content.

Keywords:
clementines organic acids polyphenolic profile rootstock sugars

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