Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jfnr Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2017, 5(7), 481-489
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-5-7-5
Open AccessArticle

Complementary Efficacy of Antrodia cinnamomea Mycelia on Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Infection: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Clinical Study

Chun-Hung Chiu1, Chin-Chu Chen2, 3, Hui-Yu Huang2, Chang-Cheng Chen3, Ting-Wei Lin3, Charng-Cherng Chyau1, Ya-ling Chiou4, and Wang-Sheng Ko5,

1Research Institute of Biotechnology, Hungkuang University, Taichung City 43302, Taiwan

2Department of Food Science, Nutrition, and Nutraceutical Biotechnology, Shih Chien University, Taiwan

3Grape King Biotechnology Inc., Zhongli Dist., Taoyuan City, Taiwan

4Department of Nutrition, Master Program of Biomedical Nutrition, Hungkuang University, Taichung, Taiwan

5Department of Internal Medicine, Kuang-Tien General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan

Pub. Date: June 27, 2017

Cite this paper:
Chun-Hung Chiu, Chin-Chu Chen, Hui-Yu Huang, Chang-Cheng Chen, Ting-Wei Lin, Charng-Cherng Chyau, Ya-ling Chiou and Wang-Sheng Ko. Complementary Efficacy of Antrodia cinnamomea Mycelia on Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Infection: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Clinical Study. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2017; 5(7):481-489. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-5-7-5

Abstract

Objectives: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) can cause liver inflammation. The peginterferon and ribavirin (pegRiba) therapy are used but is still unsatisfactory by side effects. Many studies indicated that Antrodia cinnamomea mycelia (ACM) have beneficial effects on liver function. However, the effect of ACM in chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients remains unclear. Thus, this study aims to investigate the effects of oral supplementation ACM in chronic hepatitis C patients with pegRiba therapy. Design and interventions: Sixty CHC subjects were randomly collected and were randomly assigned to pegRiba group (30 subjects), or combined treatment with oral ACM (4.68 g/day) (pegRiba +ACM, 30 subjects) for 24-48 weeks. Main outcome measures: The blood samples were taken to analysis levels of biochemical data, viral response, heavy metals, immune function, cytokines and antioxidant status. Results: The results of biochemical data, viral response, immune function, inflammatory cytokines and antioxidant status were not significantly different (p<0.05) between the pegRiba and pegRiba +ACM groups. However, the zinc level of the pegRiba +ACM group was increased significantly after the 12th week compared with baseline (p<0.05). In addition, lower aluminum, mercury and arsenic levels of the pegRiba +ACM group were presented when compared with baseline (p<0.05). Conclusion: This first pilot study of ACM in CHC patients indicates that the complementary effects of ACM did not induce adverse events during therapy. The oral supplementation ACM could reduce levels of heavy metals and lead to increased zinc level. Increased zinc level is negatively correlated with side effects during the therapy in CHC patients.

Keywords:
chronic hepatitis C Antrodia cinnamomea trace elements heavy metals

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