Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jfnr Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2017, 5(4), 226-233
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-5-4-4
Open AccessArticle

Impact of Mushroom Nutrition on Microbiota and Potential for Preventative Health

Ferrão J1, Bell V2, Calabrese V3, Pimentel L4, Pintado M4 and Fernandes TH5,

1Universidade Pedagógica, Rua João Carlos Raposo Beirão 135, Maputo, Moçambique

2Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade de Coimbra, Pólo das Ciências da Saúde, Azinhaga de Santa Comba, 3000-548 Coimbra, Portugal

3Department of Biomedical and Biotechnological Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Catania, Catania, Italy

4Universidade Católica Portuguesa, CBQF - Centro de Biotecnologia e Química Fina – Laboratório Associado, Escola Superior de Biotecnologia, Rua Arquiteto Lobão Vital, Apartado 2511, 4202-401 Porto, Portugal

5ACIVET, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Lisbon University, 1300-477 Lisboa, Portugal

Pub. Date: March 31, 2017

Cite this paper:
Ferrão J, Bell V, Calabrese V, Pimentel L, Pintado M and Fernandes TH. Impact of Mushroom Nutrition on Microbiota and Potential for Preventative Health. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2017; 5(4):226-233. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-5-4-4

Abstract

The current short article reviews the role of mushroom biomass, rich in β-glucans, enzymes, germanium and secondary metabolites, the interaction with the human gut microbiota and the prevention or treatment of various metabolic syndrome-linked diseases. The focus is on mushroom β-glucans compared to other soluble and fermentable dietary fibres, their unique effects on nutrition, human microbiota, health and disease, specifying the significantly differing physicochemical properties depending on the source and type of mushroom or dietary supplement. An overview of definitions and types of fibre, a brief examination of the health benefits associated with β-glucans from mushroom biomass, its possible mechanisms of action, and its potential dietary supplement applications are provided. Despite promising evidence of mushroom biomass on health much research still remains to be done.

Keywords:
mushroom biomass β-glucans microbiota

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