Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jfnr Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2017, 5(3), 168-175
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-5-3-5
Open AccessArticle

Nutritional Evaluation of Selected Traditional Foods Commonly Consumed in Saudi Arabia

Nora Abdullah Al-Faris1,

1Nutrition and Food Science Department, College of Home Economics, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, PO Box 27938, Riyadh, 11427, Saudi Arabia

Pub. Date: March 08, 2017

Cite this paper:
Nora Abdullah Al-Faris. Nutritional Evaluation of Selected Traditional Foods Commonly Consumed in Saudi Arabia. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2017; 5(3):168-175. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-5-3-5

Abstract

During the last few decades, Saudi Arabia experienced rapid nutritional transition associated with an alarming elevation in the prevalence of obesity and related chronic diseases. Traditional foods contribute to the usual diet of the population in Saudi Arabia and the nutritional evaluation of traditional foods is necessary to accurately estimate dietary intakes of the Saudi population. Therefore, the objective of the current work is to evaluate twenty-five traditional foods commonly consumed in Saudi Arabia based on their nutritional composition. Proximate composition and vitamin D, calcium, phosphorus, iron, phytate and oxalate content were investigated. On fresh weight basis, the analyzed foods contained 1.17-16.19% (N × 6.25) protein, 0.25-17.84% fat, 2.57-68.30% carbohydrate, 0.31-2.26% dietary fiber, 0.67-2.90% ash and 17-430 kcal/g. The vitamin D content ranged from 0.0-75.88 IU/100g. Mineral content (mg/100g) of calcium, phosphorus and iron were 13.62-91.37, 22.33-200.37 and 0.51-4.44 respectively. Phytate and oxalate content (mg/100g) were 2.25-148.52 and 1.02-48.63 respectively. The studied traditional foods contributed 15-91%, 3-69% and 2-30% of the total food energy from carbohydrate, fat and protein respectively. Data from this study will be important to clarify nutritional value and nutrient contribution from common traditional foods in Saudi Arabia. Saudi dietary guidelines should take into consideration, the nutritive value and health aspects of traditional foods.

Keywords:
Saudi Arabia proximate composition vitamin D minerals phytate oxalate

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