Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jfnr Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2017, 5(1), 31-36
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-5-1-6
Open AccessArticle

Biochemical Compositions and Biological Activities of Extracts from 3 Species of Korean Pine Needles

So Jung Kim1, So Yun Park2, Juyun Lee3, Man Chang3, Youngjae Chung4 and Taek-Kyun Lee2,

1Gyeongbuk Institute for Marine Bio-Industry, Uljin, Republic of Korea

2South Sea Environment Research Department, Korea Institute of Ocean Science and Technology, Geoje, Republic of Korea

3Korea Marine Environment Management Corporation, Seoul, Republic of Korea

4Department of Life Science and Biotechnology, Shingyeong University, Hwaseong, Republic of Korea

Pub. Date: January 13, 2017

Cite this paper:
So Jung Kim, So Yun Park, Juyun Lee, Man Chang, Youngjae Chung and Taek-Kyun Lee. Biochemical Compositions and Biological Activities of Extracts from 3 Species of Korean Pine Needles. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2017; 5(1):31-36. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-5-1-6

Abstract

Crude extracts of pine needles have long been used as a health-food and for cosmetics. In this study, we determined the biochemical composition and biological activities of extracts from three pine species: red pine (RP, Pinus densiflora S et Z), Keumkang pine (KP, Pinus densiflora for. erecta) and sea pine (SP, Pinus thunbergii). The SP extract had the highest levels of moisture, ash, crude protein, and lipids based on the dry weight. The SP extract also had the highest level of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). The SP extract had much more β-pinene, β-caryophyllene, and germacrene-D than extracts from the other species. Total phenolic content was the highest in the 100% ethanol extract of SP, and the 50% ethanol extract of SP had the highest DPPH radical scavenging activity. The SP extract had the greatest antimicrobial effect. These results indicate that SP has the greatest potential as a natural antioxidant resource and raw material for cosmetic-goods.

Keywords:
pine needles biochemical composition nutritive value polyphenol physiological activity

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