Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jfnr Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2016, 4(12), 782-788
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-4-12-3
Open AccessArticle

Effect of Ethanolic and Aquatic Extract of Harmal (Peganum harmala) on the Activity of Staphylococcus aureus in Minced Meat of Silver Carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) in Different Times of Storage at Refregerated (4°C)

Omleyla Qaznavi1,

1MS.C of Fishery Products Processing, Young Researchers and Elite Club, Lahijan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Lahijan, Iran

Pub. Date: December 09, 2016

Cite this paper:
Omleyla Qaznavi. Effect of Ethanolic and Aquatic Extract of Harmal (Peganum harmala) on the Activity of Staphylococcus aureus in Minced Meat of Silver Carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) in Different Times of Storage at Refregerated (4°C). Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2016; 4(12):782-788. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-4-12-3

Abstract

In this study, the plant Peganum collected for providing its ethanolic and aquatic extract. 0.01, 0.02 and 0.35 µg/ml of it were prepared and kept at 4°C for evaluating it’s effect on growth of Staphylococcus aureus in minced meat of Silver carp in days 0, 1, 2, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13. Results showed the ethanolic extract of Peganum harmala at 0.35 µg/ml has the most anti-microbial effect and also, the aquatic extract prevented the growth of Staphylococcus aureus. Proxide value (PV) was minimum in control during 13 days. The maximum and minimum of thiobarbiutic acid (TBA) observed at 13th day in control and day zero at 0.01 µg/ml, respectively. The minimum of fat was in control in 11th and 13th days. Maximum level of fat observed at 0.35 µg/ml at the first and 13th day. Based on results adding 0.35 µg/ml of harmal in minced meat of Sliver carp is recomended.

Keywords:
Peganum harmala Anti-microbial effect Ethanol and aquatic extract Staphylococcus areus

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