Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2016, 4(11), 742-749
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-4-11-7
Open AccessArticle

Determinants of Hypertension among Elderly People in the Bongo District of Ghana

Nyefene Joe Dare1, Collins Afriyie Appiah2, , Christina Nti3 and Matilda Steiner-Asiedu1

1Department of Nutrition and Food Science, School of Biological Sciences, University of Ghana

2Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, College of Science, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi

3Department of Family and Consumer Sciences, University of Ghana

Pub. Date: November 18, 2016

Cite this paper:
Nyefene Joe Dare, Collins Afriyie Appiah, Christina Nti and Matilda Steiner-Asiedu. Determinants of Hypertension among Elderly People in the Bongo District of Ghana. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2016; 4(11):742-749. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-4-11-7


Hypertension is one of the commonest non-communicable diseases seen among elderly persons in Ghana in recent times, with many preventable factors contributing to its prevalence. This study sought to establish the determinants of hypertension among elderly people living in the Bongo district of Ghana. This was a cross-sectional study conducted among 240 participants, aged 60 years and above, in 5 randomly selected centres in the Bongo district. Data on participants smoking habits, salt intake behaviour, alcohol consumption and physical activity level were collected. Blood pressure and anthropometric measurements were taken. The prevalence of hypertension among the participants was 38.3%. Past smoking behaviour (OR=2.541, p=0.043), high alcohol intake (OR=1.657, p=0.040), high salt intake (OR=3.839, p=0.037) and physical activity (OR= 0.804, p=0.032), obesity (OR=2.311, p=0.019) and low socioeconomic status (OR=2.211, p=0.029) were the determinants of hypertension among the study participants. Hypertension among elderly people in the Bongo district is on the ascendancy and assuming proportion of public health importance. Findings from this study could serve as an impetus for public health policy formulation for prevention and early diagnosis of hypertension among elderly people in the Bongo district and other resource poor rural communities in Ghana.

hypertension smoking salt intake alcohol intake elderly people

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