Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jfnr Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2016, 4(9), 566-570
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-4-9-2
Open AccessArticle

Effect of Ultrasound on the Hydrolytic Reaction of AS1.398 Neutral Protease

HU Ai-jun1, , CAO Yuan-yuan1, QU Ying1, SONG Fei-ying1 and ZHENG Jie1

1Key Laboratory of Food Nutrition and Safety, Ministry of Education, Tianjin Food Safety & Low Carbon Manufacturing Collaborative Innovation Center, Institute for New Rural Development, Tianjin University of Science & Technology, Tianjin 300457, China

Pub. Date: August 29, 2016

Cite this paper:
HU Ai-jun, CAO Yuan-yuan, QU Ying, SONG Fei-ying and ZHENG Jie. Effect of Ultrasound on the Hydrolytic Reaction of AS1.398 Neutral Protease. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2016; 4(9):566-570. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-4-9-2

Abstract

This study investigated the effect of ultrasonic irradiation on the hydrolytic reaction of AS1.398 neutral protease. Our results showed that the light absorbance increased dramatically under the combination of the three conditions, ultrasonic radiation, increased amount of enzyme and longer incubation period. This increase was also observed when enzyme amount and reaction duration kept constant, with ultrasonic radiation as the only variable. In addition, the changes in light absorbance followed a parabolic curve under conditions of increasing pH and temperature, reaching the peak at an optimal pH and temperature and then decreasing sharply. We concluded that ultrasonic irradiation could accelerate the velocity of the enzymatic reaction, however, did not alter the optimal pH and temperature of the reaction. With no ultrasonic irradiation, the enzyme kinetic equation was v=59.88[S]/(21.49+[S]). Ultrasonic irradiation increased the velocity constant, but decreased the Michaelis constant (Km), the equation became v=63.69[S]/(18.60+[S]) with ultrasound. In summary, ultrasound-assisted enzymatic activity of neutral protease led to higher hydrolysis.

Keywords:
ultrasonic irradiation AS1.398 neutral protease enzymatic hydrolysis

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