Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jfnr Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2016, 4(8), 549-557
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-4-8-10
Open AccessArticle

Effects of Licochalcone A on Cell-cycle Distribution and Glycolysis in Human Bladder Cancer T24 Cells

Yan Wang1, 2, Jichun Han1, Xiaoyu Chen1, Penglong Wang1, 3, Wenjin Hao1, Jun Ma1, Bo Wang1, 2, Xingjie Zhang1, Fanqing Meng1, Xiujuan Zhang1, Dan Wang1 and Qiusheng Zheng1, 2,

1Binzhou Medical University, Yantai 264003, China

2Pharmacy School of Shihezi University, Key Laboratory of Xinjiang Endemic Phytomedicine Resources, Ministry of Education, School of Pharmacy, Shihezi, 832002, China

3Ninth Division of hospital of Xinjiang bingtuan, Tacheng, 834700, China

Pub. Date: August 29, 2016

Cite this paper:
Yan Wang, Jichun Han, Xiaoyu Chen, Penglong Wang, Wenjin Hao, Jun Ma, Bo Wang, Xingjie Zhang, Fanqing Meng, Xiujuan Zhang, Dan Wang and Qiusheng Zheng. Effects of Licochalcone A on Cell-cycle Distribution and Glycolysis in Human Bladder Cancer T24 Cells. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2016; 4(8):549-557. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-4-8-10

Abstract

This study investigates the effects of LCA on cell-cycle distribution and glycolysis in human bladder cancer T24 cells. The mRNA expression of HIF-1α, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1), lactate dehydrogenase A (LDHA) and Fructose-2, 6-Biphosphatase 3 (PFKFB3) were assessed using RT-PCR. LCA elicited an anti-proliferative effect on human bladder cancer cells line T24 cells in a concentration-dependent manner; LCA induced a G2/M-phase arrest, as well as a down-regulation of the mRNA level of CDK1 and Cyclin B1; after treated with LCA, the activity of CDK1 was down regulated and the p21 was upregulated. LCA inhibited the ATP production, decreased the glucose uptake and the release of lactic acid. The activities of LDH, HK, and PK were significantly down-regulation. LCA could reduce the level of HIF-1α in T24 cells and significantly reduce the expression of its target genes: VEGF, GLUT1, LDHA and PFKFB3. This study demonstrated that LCA treatment caused a significant decrease in the proliferation and a cell cycle arrest of G2/M phase in T24 cells; the mechanism by which LCA inhibits T24 proliferation may be associated with the inhibition of glycolysis as well as cause G2/M phase arrested.

Keywords:
licochalcone A T24 cell-cycle distribution glycolysis

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