Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jfnr Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2016, 4(8), 522-527
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-4-8-6
Open AccessArticle

Effect of Packaging Materials and Storage Conditions on the Degradation of Xanthophylls in Yellow-Maize Ogi Powder

Wasiu Awoyale1, 2, Busie Maziya-Dixon3, , Oladeji E. Alamu4 and Abebe Menkir1

1International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, PMB 5320 Oyo Road, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria

2Department of Food, Agricultural and Bioengineering, Kwara State University Malete, PMB 1530, Ilorin Kwara State, Nigeria

3International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Carolyn House 26 Dingwall Road Croydon CR9 3EE, England

4International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, East-African Hub, Zambia

Pub. Date: August 19, 2016

Cite this paper:
Wasiu Awoyale, Busie Maziya-Dixon, Oladeji E. Alamu and Abebe Menkir. Effect of Packaging Materials and Storage Conditions on the Degradation of Xanthophylls in Yellow-Maize Ogi Powder. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2016; 4(8):522-527. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-4-8-6

Abstract

The need to evaluate the effects of packaging materials and storage conditions on the degradation of xanthophylls in yellow maize ogi powder is important due to its health implication. Ogi powder was packaged in high-density polyethylene bag (HDPE), polypropylene woven sack (PP), and polyvinyl chloride container (PVC). The samples were stored under different conditions for 12 weeks and sampled at three-week intervals for analysis using High Performance Liquid Chromatography. The result showed that the total xanthophyll content of the ogi powder was 10.39 µg/g before storage with of zeaxanthin having the highest value (6.73 µg/g) and lutein (3.66 µg/g) the least. The reduction in lutein and zeaxanthin contents was significant in the ogi powder packaged in HDPE stored at 35°C and 50% relative humidity (RH). Therefore, PVC is recommended at 34°C and RH of 54% for up to 6 weeks while HDPE may be used at 28°C and 68% RH for 9 weeks, and that of PP might be 35°C and 50% RH if the storage period is extended to 12 weeks.

Keywords:
packaging materials storage conditions ogi powder xanthophyll

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