Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jfnr Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2016, 4(7), 461-470
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-4-7-8
Open AccessArticle

In Vitro and in Vivo Evaluation of Antidiabetic Activity of Leaf Essential Oil of Pulicaria inuloides-Asteraceae

Nabil Qaid M. Al-Hajj1, 2, Methaq algabr3, Hafiz Rizwan Sharif1, Waleed Aboshora1 and Hongxin Wang1,

1State key laboratory of Food science and Technology, School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, P.R. China

2Marine Science and Biological Research Authority, Aden, P.O. Box-1231, Aden, Yemen

3Department of chemistry, Faculty of Applied Science Hajjah University, P.O. Box 80004, Yemen

Pub. Date: August 05, 2016

Cite this paper:
Nabil Qaid M. Al-Hajj, Methaq algabr, Hafiz Rizwan Sharif, Waleed Aboshora and Hongxin Wang. In Vitro and in Vivo Evaluation of Antidiabetic Activity of Leaf Essential Oil of Pulicaria inuloides-Asteraceae. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2016; 4(7):461-470. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-4-7-8

Abstract

The essential oil of leaf of P. inuloides was extracted by using hydrodistillation process and the volatile components investigated with the help of gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry. Diabetic rats were treated with a 400 mg/kg dose of essential oil of P. inuloides orally for 3 h (acute) or 21 days (chronic). In acute model blood glucose levels were monitored at specific intervals. In the chronic model blood samples were collected from overnight fasted diabetic rats on day 21 to estimate blood glucose level. And the body weight, serum lipid profile and activities of liver and kidney enzymes were measured. Histopathological observations of liver sections were also studied. Total seventy compounds were identified as 2-Cyclohexen-1-one, 2-methyl-5-(1-methylethyl)-, (S)- 58.19%; Oxirane, 2-ethyl-2-methyl- 8.25%; 1,2-Benzenedicarboxylic acid, diisooctyl ester 13.18%; n-Hexadecanoic acid 2.12% by gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry. Treatment of diabetic rats with 400 mg/kg of P. inuloides proved to have significant (P < 0.05) antihyperglycemic effect and have the capacity to correct the metabolic disturbances associated with diabetes. Histopathological studies showed that the essential oil of P. inuloides reinforced the healing of liver.

Keywords:
diabetes rats essential oil Pulicaria inuloides Histopathology

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