Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2016, 4(7), 436-441
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-4-7-4
Open AccessReview Article

Listeria monocytogenes in Chicken Meat

Greika Ferreira Moura1, Cleise de Oliveira Sigarini2 and Eduardo Eustáquio de Souza Figueiredo1, 2,

1Federal University of Mato Grosso, Graduate Program in Animal Science, Faculty of Agronomy, Veterinary Medicine, and Animal Science, Cuiabá-MT, Brazil

2Federal University of Mato Grosso, Laboratory of Food Molecular Microbiology, Faculty of Nutrition – Av. Fernando Correa da Costa, 2.367, Boa Esperança, Cuiabá-MT, Brazil

Pub. Date: July 18, 2016

Cite this paper:
Greika Ferreira Moura, Cleise de Oliveira Sigarini and Eduardo Eustáquio de Souza Figueiredo. Listeria monocytogenes in Chicken Meat. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2016; 4(7):436-441. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-4-7-4

Abstract

Listeria monocytogenes is the causative agent of listeriosis, an infection that gives rise to bacteremia and meningitis that can be propagated to humans via food contamination. The chicken-meat and derivatives processing industries are common sites of this pathogen, and the great challenge is in controlling this hazard to avoid economic and public health losses. A literature review on L. monocytogenes and implications to the chicken supply chain, poultry slaughterhouses, and public health was conducted. The review was compiled with the main papers published around the world in the last 15 years containing the key words Listeria monocytogenes, poultry, meat, chicken, broilers, and listeriosis, using the main publishers of online journals. The collected information was discussed and it was concluded that poultry can be asymptomatic carriers of L. monocytogenes and introduce contamination in slaughterhouses, which can become a persistent problem in poultry slaughterhouses due to its capacity to form biofilms on many different materials, causing cross-contamination in chicken meat and its derivatives. Carcasses, cuts, or giblets of chilled or frozen chicken in natura are sources of contamination by L. monocytogenes and can transmit listeriosis to humans.

Keywords:
poultry aviculture listeriosis slaughterhouses biofilms

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