Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2016, 4(3), 170-177
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-4-3-7
Open AccessArticle

Isolation and Identification of Lactic Acid Bacteria from Human Milk with Potential Probiotic Role

Serrano-Niño J.C1, Solís-Pacheco J.R1, Gutierrez-Padilla J.A1, Cobián-García A1, Cavazos-Garduño A1 and González-Reynoso O., Aguilar-Uscanga B.R1,

1Laboratorio de Microbiología Industrial. Centro Universitario de Ciencias Exactas e Ingeniería. Universidad de Guadalajara, Jalisco, México. Boulevard Marcelino García Barragán #1421, Col. Olímpica. Guadalajara, Jalisco C.P. 44430 México

Pub. Date: April 20, 2016

Cite this paper:
Serrano-Niño J.C, Solís-Pacheco J.R, Gutierrez-Padilla J.A, Cobián-García A, Cavazos-Garduño A and González-Reynoso O., Aguilar-Uscanga B.R. Isolation and Identification of Lactic Acid Bacteria from Human Milk with Potential Probiotic Role. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2016; 4(3):170-177. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-4-3-7

Abstract

In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in the field of research into the characterization of new probiotics with potential application to the health and disease prevention. Therefore, the aim of this study is to isolate and identify bacteria in human colostrum and mature milk to analyze its possible probiotic potential. We isolated and identified ten strains of bacteria in human mature milk, by molecular biology; from which, five of these strains were selected to evaluate their ability to survive in vitro simulated conditions of gastrointestinal stress, the antimicrobial effect, adhesion capacity and resistance to different pHs and temperatures. The results showed that three of the five selected strains, identified as Lactobacillus fermentum JCM 3, TW56 Leuconostoc mesenteroides and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus, were resistant to digestive enzymes, showed resistance to low pH values (2 and 3) having adhesion capacity and viability at temperatures of 40 °C. Therefore, these bacteria may could be considered as potential probiotics for the pharmaceutical and food industry.

Keywords:
probiotics isolation human milk lactic acid bacteria

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