Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jfnr Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2016, 4(1), 40-45
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-4-1-7
Open AccessArticle

Irradiation to Ensure Safety and Quality of Fruit Salads Consumed in Bangladesh

Md. Moniruzzaman1, Md. Khorshed Alam2, Shudhangshu Kumar Biswas1, Md. Kamruzzaman Pramanik3, Md. Afzal Hossain4, Md. Monirul Islam1 and G.M. Sala Uddin1, 5,

1Department of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Islamic University, Kushtia, Bangladesh

2Institute of Food and Radiation Biology (IFRB), Atomic Energy Research Establishment (AERE), Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh

3Microbiology and Industrial Irradiation Division, IFRB, AERE, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh

4Food Technology Division (FTD), IFRB, AERE, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh

5Department of Pharmacy, Southeast University, Banani-1213, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Pub. Date: January 20, 2016

Cite this paper:
Md. Moniruzzaman, Md. Khorshed Alam, Shudhangshu Kumar Biswas, Md. Kamruzzaman Pramanik, Md. Afzal Hossain, Md. Monirul Islam and G.M. Sala Uddin. Irradiation to Ensure Safety and Quality of Fruit Salads Consumed in Bangladesh. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2016; 4(1):40-45. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-4-1-7

Abstract

Food was, is and perhaps will be the greatest concern for humankind due to outbreak of foodborne diseases and for sake of good health. Food suppliers and/or industries follow various techniques for ensuring their food safety. One way to overcome this situation is the use of ionizing radiation applied to food for assuring microbial as well as nutritional safety concern. Here apple, grape, guava, pear and plum sample were treated with 0.5, 1 and 1.5 kGy radiation from a 60Co gamma irradiator. Changes of the native microflora and some specific nutritional and physico-chemical properties of irradiated fruit were determined. It was observed that 0.5 kGy irradiation dose reduce a significant amount of microbial load compared to control and 1 kGy irradiation reduce microbial load under the sanitary level recommended by International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).Samples treated with 0.5kGy were healthier acceptance than samples treated by 1kGy and 1.5kGy during the six successive days of storage. Moisture content more than 90%were found in apple, plum and pear and statistically no significant changes (p<0.05) were observed in irradiated samples compared to the non-irradiated samples. At 1.5 kGy carotenoid content was increased 45.7926% in apple. Statistically significant increase of total carotenoid was observed in plum at 0.5, 1 and 1.5 kGy but the decrease in apple, pear and guava at dose 1 and 1.5 kGy. Thus, insignificant variation of ascorbic acid content was observed at radiation dose 1±0.5kGyin fresh cut fruit produce.

Keywords:
radiation moisture carotenoid ascorbic Acid IAEA microbes

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