Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2015, 3(10), 648-652
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-3-10-5
Open AccessArticle

Seapolynol and Dieckol Improve Insulin Sensitivity through the Regulation of the PI3K Pathway in C57BL/KsJ-db/db Mice

Hui-Jeon Jeon1, Kye-Yoon Yoon1, Eun-Jeong Koh1, Jia Choi1, Kui-Jin Kim1, Hyeon-Son Choi2 and Boo-Yong Lee1,

1Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, CHA University, Seongnam, South Korea

2Department of Food Science and Technology, Seoul Women’s University, Hwarang, Nowon, Seoul, 139-774, South Korea

Pub. Date: December 22, 2015

Cite this paper:
Hui-Jeon Jeon, Kye-Yoon Yoon, Eun-Jeong Koh, Jia Choi, Kui-Jin Kim, Hyeon-Son Choi and Boo-Yong Lee. Seapolynol and Dieckol Improve Insulin Sensitivity through the Regulation of the PI3K Pathway in C57BL/KsJ-db/db Mice. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2015; 3(10):648-652. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-3-10-5


Ecklonia cava, a brown alga native to the seas of Korea and Japan, contains biologically active polyphenols. Seapolynol (SN) is a polyphenol mixture derived from Ecklonia cava, and dieckol (DK) is a major compound of SN. Both Ecklonia cava-derived polyphenols exert an anti-diabetic effect in C57BL/KsJ-db/db mice. SN and DK supplementation significantly reduced bodyweight, water intake, fasting blood glucose, and plasma insulin levels compared with db/db mice. In addition, C-peptide, a biomarker of insulin secretion, was significantly decreased by SN and DK treatment, whereas plasma adiponectin levels, which are associated with insulin sensitivity, was increased by two-fold compared with the db/db group. Regarding plasma lipid profiles, triacylglycerol, total cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, were effectively reduced in the SN- and DK-treated groups. Moreover, the administration of SN and DK activated the insulin signaling pathway, as indicated by the levels of receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1), phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), serine-threonine specific protein kinase (Akt), and glucose transporter type 4 (GLUT4) in diabetic mice. This result showed that SN and DK regulate blood glucose levels by improving insulin sensitivity in the diabetic condition. Our data suggest that SN and DK may be anti-diabetic agents.

Seapolynol Dieckol Type 2 diabetes C57BL/KsJ-db/db mice IRS-1

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