Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2015, 3(5), 297-302
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-3-5-2
Open AccessArticle

Immunomodulation Effect of Metabolites from Lactobacillus Rhamnosus GG on Interleukins Release in Vitro

Edyta Balejko1, , Anna Bogacka1, Jerzy Balejko2 and Elżbieta Kucharska1

1Department of Human Nutrition, West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, Poland

2Department of Food Process Engineering, West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, Poland

Pub. Date: May 17, 2015

Cite this paper:
Edyta Balejko, Anna Bogacka, Jerzy Balejko and Elżbieta Kucharska. Immunomodulation Effect of Metabolites from Lactobacillus Rhamnosus GG on Interleukins Release in Vitro. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2015; 3(5):297-302. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-3-5-2


The aim of the study was to determine in vitro whether the metabolites of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG stimulate the release of selected cytokines from lymphocytes. Cell cultures from whole human blood were established. The concentration of TGF-β1, IFN-γ and IL-4 was determined in cultures liquid by ELISA. Lactobacillus GG rods were immobilized in alginate microcapsules. To determine the tightness of the capsules their surfaces were observed by electron microscopy. During 14 days the migration of the bacteria to outside of the capsules was not observed. In liquid from cell cultures of lymphocytes the increase of TGF-β1 and IL-4 and the decrease in IFN-γ concentration were observed, influenced by Lactobacillus GG metabolites enclosed in lyophilized alginate microcapsules, as compared to control group. The possible stimulants were exopolysaccharide and Lactobacillus GG metabolites, i.e. lactic acid, nitrogen oxide and hydrogen peroxide.

microencapsulation immunomodulation TGF-β1 IFN-γ IL-4 probiotics

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