Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jfnr Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2015, 3(2), 99-103
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-3-2-4
Open AccessArticle

High Protein (HP) and Balanced Diets (BD) Lead to Weight Loss and Increase of Serum Adiponectin in Obese and Overweight Women at Aerobic Gyms: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Reza Ghiasvand1, Pegah Amini2, , Zahra Maghsoudi2, Awat Feizi3, 4 and Gholamreza Askari2

1Food Security Research Center and Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutrition & Food Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

2Food Security Research Center and Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutrition & Food Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Ira

3Endocrine and Metabolism Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

4Department of Biostatistics & Epidemiology, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

Pub. Date: February 03, 2015

Cite this paper:
Reza Ghiasvand, Pegah Amini, Zahra Maghsoudi, Awat Feizi and Gholamreza Askari. High Protein (HP) and Balanced Diets (BD) Lead to Weight Loss and Increase of Serum Adiponectin in Obese and Overweight Women at Aerobic Gyms: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2015; 3(2):99-103. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-3-2-4

Abstract

This trial aimed to assess the effects of high protein (HP) (45% carbohydrate, 25% protein, and 30% fat) and balanced diets (BD) (55% carbohydrate, 15% protein, and 30% fat) on weight loss and plasma adiponectin levels in overweight and obese women who do aerobic activity. A parallel double blinded randomized clinical trial. Demographic data were collected at baseline. Body weight and adiponectin levels were measured at the baseline and after eight weeks of intervention. We used SPSS software for data analyzing and Nutritionist IV for analyzing dietary intakes. The study was an eight-week trial that consisted of 56 women with BMI ≥ 25kg/m2, aged 20-46 years who were randomly assigned to intervention. Body weight with adherence to HP and BD diets decreased significantly, however; the reduction in the HP group was more than the BD group (P<0.001 in both groups). Adiponectin significantly increased in HP and BD (P=0.001 and p<0.001 respectively). These changes did not significantly differ between the two groups. In conclusion, our trial showed that high protein and balanced diets resulted in desirable effects on body weight and on circulating adiponectin during the eight weeks.

Keywords:
diet adiponectin body weight

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