Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2015, 3(1), 52-56
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-3-1-9
Open AccessArticle

Screening and Extracting Mycocin Secreted by Yeast Isolated from Koumiss and Their Antibacterial Effect

Yujie Chen1, Chen Aorigele1, , Chunjie Wang2, Huasai Simujide1 and Siqin Yang1

1College of Animal Science, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, Hohhot, China

2College of Veterinary Medicine, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, Hohhot, China

Pub. Date: January 26, 2015

Cite this paper:
Yujie Chen, Chen Aorigele, Chunjie Wang, Huasai Simujide and Siqin Yang. Screening and Extracting Mycocin Secreted by Yeast Isolated from Koumiss and Their Antibacterial Effect. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2015; 3(1):52-56. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-3-1-9


Koumiss is a common fermented mare’s milk with beneficial therapeutic effects on cardiovascular disease, tuberculosis, and diarrhea. The mare’s milk is fermented by lactic acid bacteria and yeasts. Although information about LAB from Koumiss is comprehensive, there is limited knowledge about yeasts from Koumiss and their effects. The purpose of this study was to screen and extract mycocin secreted by yeast isolated from Koumiss and test their antibacterial effect against pathogenic Escherichia coli, The yeasts from Koumiss were isolated and those producing mycocin were screened by the Oxford cup method. Crude extracts of mycocin were then extracted by ethyl acetate, and temperature stabilities of them were investigated. The crude extracts of mycocin were tested against pathogenic E. coli and compared both in vivo and in vitro. Three Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and two Kluyveromyces marxianus were isolated from Koumiss in Inner Mongolia. All these yeasts produced mycocin. The two crude extracts of mycocin secreted by K. marxianus were active and stable at temperatures between 25°C and 45°C. They had better antibacterial effect in vitro and in vivo and were shown to be effective in preventing E. coli disease in mice. It may be possible to use crude extracts of mycocin secreted by yeast isolated from Koumiss to inhibit the growth of E. coli.

Koumiss yeast escherichia coli mycocin

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