Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2015, 3(1), 20-25
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-3-1-4
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Study of Iron Yam-Chip (Dioscorea opposita Thunb. cv. Tiegun) Dehydration Using Far-Infrared Radiation Assisted Heat Pump Drying

Song Xiaoyong1, and Cheng Luming2

1North China University of Water Resources and Electric Power, Zhengzhou, China

2The Second Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China

Pub. Date: January 03, 2015

Cite this paper:
Song Xiaoyong and Cheng Luming. Study of Iron Yam-Chip (Dioscorea opposita Thunb. cv. Tiegun) Dehydration Using Far-Infrared Radiation Assisted Heat Pump Drying. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2015; 3(1):20-25. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-3-1-4


Iron Yam chips were dried using a heat pump (HP) dryer alone or in combination with far infrared radiation (FIR) at 500, 1500 and 3000 W (500 FIR, 1500 FIR, and 3000 FIR, respectively). The experimental results were presented in terms of the drying characteristics, and dried product qualities (shrinkage, color, texture, percentage of rehydration, and moisture content). Samples with initial moisture content of approximately 76% (w.b.) were dried to a final moisture content of < 17% (w.b.) at the drying temperature of 50°C and at an air flow rate of 1.0 m s-1 for all of the experiments. The data showed that FIR+HP drying increased the drying rate by reducing the drying time, and the resulted dried Iron Yam chips generally had higher values of lightness and comparable values of redness and yellowness than the HP-treated samples. In the case of HP+1500FIR, the dried Iron Yam chips had lower shrinkage, improved rehydration ability, lower hardness and higher brittleness than those dried by HP, HP+500FIR and HP+3000FIR. It is worth noting that the total energy used for FIR-assisted drying processes decreased with the increase of FIR intensity. The present data suggest that HP+FIR drying is an effective and economical method for Iron Yam chip drying, and HP+1500FIR can obtain the best dried product.

heat pump far-infrared radiation drying iron yam chips

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