Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jfnr Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2014, 2(10), 744-748
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-2-10-14
Open AccessArticle

Fatty Acid Profile Differences Among the Muscle Tissue of Three Rodents (Hydroahoerus hidrochaeris, Cuniculus paca and Cavia porcellus) and one Lagomorph (Oryctolagus cuniculus)

Liliana Betancourt1, and Gonzalo JairDiaz2

1Universidad de La Salle, Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Departamento de Producción Animal, Bogotá, Colombia

2Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y de Zootecnia, Departamento de Salud Animal, Laboratorio de Toxicología, Bogotá, Colombia

Pub. Date: October 09, 2014

Cite this paper:
Liliana Betancourt and Gonzalo JairDiaz. Fatty Acid Profile Differences Among the Muscle Tissue of Three Rodents (Hydroahoerus hidrochaeris, Cuniculus paca and Cavia porcellus) and one Lagomorph (Oryctolagus cuniculus). Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2014; 2(10):744-748. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-2-10-14

Abstract

The consumer demand for functional food with nutraceutical properties has increased in recent years, and the food’s fatty acid profile is one of the factors that define its potential value asa functional food. The aim of the present study was to compare fatty acids composition of semitendinosus muscle in two native rodents, the capybara (Hydroahoerus hidrochaeris) and lowland paca (Cuniculus paca) and two domesticated species, one rodent, the guinea pig (Cavia porcellus) and one lagomorph, the common rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus). The animals were fed with forage-based diet. The fatty acid composition in lyophilized tissue was determined by gas chromatography. The capybara, lowland paca and guinea pig had the highest levels of omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids, predominantly α-linolenic acid (p<0.05). The guinea pig and common rabbit showed a higher content of linoleic acid (18:2 n-6) (p<0.05). The n-6: n-3 fatty acids ratio was higher to the common rabbit (p<0.05) with 8.9, in contrast, capybara and lowland paca had the lowest ratio, with lower than zero values indicating a predominance of n-3 fatty acids. These results were presented without any diet manipulation. The guinea pig meat contained an adequate balance of n-6 to n-3 fatty acids (< 4) whereas in rabbit meat there was an excess of n-6 fatty acids. The capybara and lowland paca can be considered as sources of n-3 fatty acids, represented by α-linolenic acid (18:3 n-3). These results confirm that native species not subjected to genetic selection and intensive feeding, showed higher content of n-3 fatty acids.

Keywords:
Omega-3 fatty acids small herbivores fatty acid profile α-linolenic acid

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