Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2014, 2(10), 704-717
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-2-10-9
Open AccessReview Article

Gene Action for Various Grain and Fodder Quality Traits in Zea Mays

Qurban Ali1, 2, Arfan Ali2, , Muhammad Tariq2, Malik Adil abbas2, Bilal Sarwar2, Mukhtar Ahmad2, Mudassar Fareed Awaan2, Shafique Ahmed2, Zaheer Ahmad Nazar2, Faheem Akram2, Atif Shahzad2, Tahir Rehman Samiullah2, Idrees Ahmad Nasir2 and Tayyab Husnain2

1Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan

2Centre of Excellence in Molecular Biology, University of the Punjab, Lahore Pakistan

Pub. Date: September 29, 2014

Cite this paper:
Qurban Ali, Arfan Ali, Muhammad Tariq, Malik Adil abbas, Bilal Sarwar, Mukhtar Ahmad, Mudassar Fareed Awaan, Shafique Ahmed, Zaheer Ahmad Nazar, Faheem Akram, Atif Shahzad, Tahir Rehman Samiullah, Idrees Ahmad Nasir and Tayyab Husnain. Gene Action for Various Grain and Fodder Quality Traits in Zea Mays. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2014; 2(10):704-717. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-2-10-9


A Zea may is an important cereal crop. To nourish human and livestock, it is very important that the quality of maize grain and fodder must be higher. A study was conducted to evaluate maize accessions for grain and fodder quality traits. Results indicated that higher heritability was found for nutrient detergent fiber, fodder cellulose, fodder crude fiber, fodder crude and fodder moisture percentage while genetic advance was higher for fodder cellulose, fodder crude protein and fodder ash percentage. High significant genotypic and phenotypic correlation was found among grain protein, oil and starch percentage, nutrient detergent fiber, fodder cellulose, fodder crude fiber & protein and fodder moisture percentage. The higher cumulative additive effect was recorded for acid detergent fiber, fodder crude fiber; nutrient detergent fiber and fodder cellulose suggested that selections may be made to develop synthetic varieties for better quality. Higher dominance effect and degree of dominance indicated that selection may be useful for the development of good quality maize hybrids through heterosis breeding programme. Principle component bi-plot analysis indicated that B-11×EV-347, B-11, Sh-139, EV-1097×E-322, Sh-139×B-316, B-327×E-322, B-316, Raka-poshi, B-11×Pop/209, B-336×EV-340, B-327×E-322, B-327×F-96, EV-1097×E-322, Raka-poshi×EV-347, EV-1097×Pop/209 and EV-1097×EV-340 performed better for grain and fodder quality and may be used for improvement of grain and fodder quality of maize.

zea mays additive dominance degree of dominance genetic advance quality

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