Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jfnr Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2014, 2(8), 499-505
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-2-8-11
Open AccessArticle

Effect of Harvesting Date and Variety of Date Palm on Antioxidant Capacity, Phenolic and Flavonoid Content of Date Palm (Phoenix Dactylifera)

Odeh I.1, Al-Rimawi F.1, , Abbadi J.2, Obeyat L.1, Qabbajeh M.1 and Hroub A.3

1Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science and Technology, Al-Quds University, Jerusalem, Palestine

2Biology Department, Faculty of Science and Technology, Al-Quds University, Jerusalem, Palestine

3Beit-Jala Pharmaceutical Company, Beit-Jala, Palestine

Pub. Date: August 14, 2014

Cite this paper:
Odeh I., Al-Rimawi F., Abbadi J., Obeyat L., Qabbajeh M. and Hroub A.. Effect of Harvesting Date and Variety of Date Palm on Antioxidant Capacity, Phenolic and Flavonoid Content of Date Palm (Phoenix Dactylifera). Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2014; 2(8):499-505. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-2-8-11

Abstract

The effect of date palm variety and harvesting date on total phenolic content, total flavonoid content, and antioxidant capacity of seven varieties of date palm fruits collected at different maturation stages obtained from date palm farms located in the Jericho area of the Jordan valley was investigated in this study. During different harvesting times (from June to September 2011), total phenolic content, total flavonoid content, and antioxidant capacity varied between 13.75-231.40 mg gallic acid equivalents (GAE), 1.72-9.6 mg catechin equivalents, and 142.0-719.3 µmol Trolox equivalents per 100 g dry weight sample for the seven varieties of date palm, respectively. Pearson correlation indicated that there is a strong significant correlation between antioxidant capacity and total phenolic content, as well as between antioxidant capacity and total flavonoid content for all date palm varieties investigated in this study. It is expected that these results will be useful to farmers particularly in their selection of harvesting time of the date palm fruits with high content of the bioactive compounds to meet the increasing demand on such healthy products.

Keywords:
date palm antioxidant capacity date palm phenolic content date palm flavonoid content harvesting date date palm variety phoenix dactylifera

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