Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jfnr Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2014, 2(8), 435-442
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-2-8-2
Open AccessArticle

Antioxidant Activities of Methanol Extracts from Selected Taiwanese Herbaceous Plants

Kuan-Hung Lin1, Hao Yeh2, Su-Yi Lin2, Chi-Ming Yang3, Hsiang-Ju Tsai4, Jia-Jen Tsai4 and Pi-Yu Chao4,

1Department of Horticulture and Biotechnology, Chinese Culture University, Taipei, Taiwan

2Department of Applied Science of Living, Chinese Culture University, Taipei, Taiwan

3Research Center for Biodiversity, Academia Sinica, Nankang, Taipei, Taiwan

4Department of Nutrition and Health Sciences, Chinese Culture University, Taipei, Taiwan

Pub. Date: July 28, 2014

Cite this paper:
Kuan-Hung Lin, Hao Yeh, Su-Yi Lin, Chi-Ming Yang, Hsiang-Ju Tsai, Jia-Jen Tsai and Pi-Yu Chao. Antioxidant Activities of Methanol Extracts from Selected Taiwanese Herbaceous Plants. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2014; 2(8):435-442. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-2-8-2

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the total phenolic and flavonoid contents in acid methanol extracts of 19 plant species grown and used in Taiwan. The antioxidant activity of leafy plant extracts was determined by measuring the trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC), oxygen radical absorption capacity (ORAC), and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity. Polyphenol, flavonol, and flavonoid levels were high in Sonchus oleraceus (SO), Ohwia caudate Thunb. Ohashi (OC), Foeniculum vulgare Mill. (FV), and Artemisia princeps Pamp. var. orientalis (Pamp.) Hars. (ArP, fresh) as compared to the rest of tested plants. In addition, quercetin, myricetin, and morin were abundant in Dendranthe mamori folium (Ramat.) Tzvelev. (DM, dry), FV, SO, Alternanthera philoxeroides (Moq.) Griseb. (AlP), ArP (fresh) and Lonicera japonica Thunb. (LJ). Higher levels of the TEAC, ORAC, and DPPH radical scavenger were generated from extracts of OC, SO, DM (dry), and ArP (fresh). Significant and positive correlations among antioxidant activity and polyphenols and anthocyanidins were observed. ORAC values were also correlated with quercitin and morin. Therefore, these phytochemicals were some of the main components responsible for the antioxidant efficacy of tested plants.

Keywords:
herbaceous plants TEAC ORAC polyphenol flavonol

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