Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2014, 2(7), 349-356
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-2-7-4
Open AccessArticle

Antioxidant and Cytoprotective Activities of Flavonoid Glycosides-rich Extract from the Leaves of Zanthoxylum bungeanum

Kai Zhong1, Xiao-Jie Li1, An-Na Gou1, Yi-Na Huang2, , Qian Bu3 and Hong Gao1,

1College of Light Industry, Textile and Food Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China

2Department of Public Health, Hua Xi Medicinal Center of Sichuan University, Chengdu, China

3National Chengdu Center for Safety Evaluation of Drugs, West China Hospital, West China Medical School, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China

Pub. Date: July 02, 2014

Cite this paper:
Kai Zhong, Xiao-Jie Li, An-Na Gou, Yi-Na Huang, Qian Bu and Hong Gao. Antioxidant and Cytoprotective Activities of Flavonoid Glycosides-rich Extract from the Leaves of Zanthoxylum bungeanum. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2014; 2(7):349-356. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-2-7-4


The Zanthoxylum bungeanum leaf has been traditionally taken as a vegetable and seasoning in . To disclose the mechanisms of its benefit for human health, antioxidant activity and cytoprotective effect of the leaf were investigated. The ethyl acetate fraction exhibited the strongest ABTS and DPPH radicals scavenging activities as compared with chloroform and water fractions, as well as the crude extract. This fraction exhibited a protective effect against hydrogen peroxide-induced cytotoxicity in PC12 cells by MTT reduction assay. Furthermore, the cytoprotective effect was confirmed using flow cytometry analysis. Comparing with the model cells, the ethyl acetate fraction significantly increased G0/G1 and G2/M phase cells together with reducing S phase cells. Ten flavonoid glycosides were identified as isovitexin, vitexin, hyperoside, rutin, isoquercitrin, foeniculin, trifolin, quercitrin, astragalin, and afzelin from this fraction using high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. This is the first report for the presence of vitexin, isovitexin, astragalin, trifolin and afzelin in Z. bungeanum. Hence, the results present here suggest the potential utility of Z. bungeanum leaf as a source of natural antioxidant due to its diversity and high content of flavonoids.

Zanthoxylum bungeanum leaf antioxidant oxidative damage cytoprotection flavonoid glycoside

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