Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jfnr Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2014, 2(4), 141-147
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-2-4-2
Open AccessArticle

Comparison of Quality and Nutritional Components of Eggs from Blue Peafowl and Hen

Yang Fu-min1, , Xu Xiao-xia1, 2, Yang Min3, Qiang Kai-xia4 and Wang Xue-yan1

1College of Food Science and Engineering, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, China

2Gansu Agriculture Technology College, Lanzhou, China

3College of Science, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, China

4Qingshui Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Qingshui, China

Pub. Date: April 25, 2014

Cite this paper:
Yang Fu-min, Xu Xiao-xia, Yang Min, Qiang Kai-xia and Wang Xue-yan. Comparison of Quality and Nutritional Components of Eggs from Blue Peafowl and Hen. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2014; 2(4):141-147. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-2-4-2

Abstract

The study was undertaken to compare the quality and nutritional components of eggs from blue peafowl and Jingbai hen. The results showed that the average egg weight, eggshell thickness and egg yolk relative weight of blue peafowl eggs were significantly bigger than those of hen eggs (p < 0.01). Blue peafowl eggs contained significantly higher protein (p < 0.01), higher carbohydrate (p < 0.01), total amino acid and essential amino acid (p < 0.01), Zn (p < 0.01), Ca (p < 0.05) but lower fat (p < 0.01) and water (p < 0.05) than those in hen eggs. Amino acid content of blue peafowl eggs was in accordance with the ideals of the FAO mode. Blue peafowl eggs contained significantly higher VC and VB2 (p < 0.01) but lower VA and VE (p < 0.01) than hen eggs. 47 volatile compounds were found in raw blue peafowl eggs while only 30 in raw hen eggs; 60 volatile compounds were found in cooked blue peafowl eggs while only 41 in cooked hen eggs. Overall, most indices of qualities and nutrient components of blue peafowl eggs were not inferior to hen eggs.

Keywords:
blue peafowl egg hen egg composition nutritional quality

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