Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2014, 2(1), 51-55
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-2-1-9
Open AccessArticle

Nutritional and Pharmacological Potentials of Leptadenia Hastata (pers.) Decne. Ethanolic Leaves Extract

S. Abubakar1, , A. B. Usman1, I. Z. Ismaila2, G. Aruwa2, S. G. Azizat2, G.H. Ogbadu1 and P.C. Onyenekwe1

1Advance Biotechnology and Genetic engineering laboratory, Sheda Science and Technology Complex, Garki, FCT Abuja

2Biological Sciences Progarmme, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria

Pub. Date: February 07, 2014

Cite this paper:
S. Abubakar, A. B. Usman, I. Z. Ismaila, G. Aruwa, S. G. Azizat, G.H. Ogbadu and P.C. Onyenekwe. Nutritional and Pharmacological Potentials of Leptadenia Hastata (pers.) Decne. Ethanolic Leaves Extract. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2014; 2(1):51-55. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-2-1-9


The work focused on the nutritional and pharmacological potential of Leptadenia hastata (pers.) Decne. ethanolic leaves extract. The proximate compositions of the leaves shows the values of moisture content (7.63 ± 0.07), Ash content (17.19 ± 0.05), Carbohydrate (47.13 ± 0.17), Crude protein (20.85 ± 0.07), Crude fibre (7.50 ± 0.05), and Crude lipid (2.70 ± 0.06). The Phytochemistry of the ethanolic leaves extract divulged the presence of Tannins, Glycosides, Alkaloids, Carbohydrates and Flavonoids. The leaves extract tested possess some decree of antimicrobial activities on Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Proteus mirabilis at 200 mg/ml and 100 mg/ml respectively. The mineral composition analysed (using Shimadzu AA 6800 Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer) of the leaves quantified the nutritive elements such as Calcium (23.90 ± 0.01), Magnesium (147.45 ± 0.01), Sodium (1.26 ± 0.01), Iron (0.82 ± 0.00), Zinc (2.30 ± 0.05), Copper (2.86 ± 0.01), Manganese (1.80 ± 0.00), Chromium (0.25 ± 0.00) and potassium (0.18 ± 0.00). While Lead and Cadmium are absent. Nevertheless, the invitro antioxidant potentiality was evaluated using 2, 2-Diphenyl-1-Picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH Sigma-Aldrich), which shows promising antioxidant activity of the plant leaves extract.

antibacterial antioxidant Elemental analysis Leptadenia hastata Phytochemistry proximate composition

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