Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jfnr Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2014, 2(1), 34-39
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-2-1-6
Open AccessArticle

Analysis of Major Constituents in Seed Cells of Aquilaria sinensis

Da-Huang Chen1, Pei-Luen Jiang2, 3, Tzyy-Rong Jinn4, and Jason T.C. Tzen1, 5,

1Graduate Institute of Biotechnology, National Chung-Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan, R.O.C

2Taiwan Coral Research Center, National Museum of Marine Biology and Aquarium, Pingtung, Taiwan, R.O.C

3Institute of Marine Biotechnology, National Dong-Hwa University, Pingtung, Taiwan, R.O.C

4School of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan, R.O.C

5School of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan, R.O.C;Agricultural Biotechnology Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C

Pub. Date: January 23, 2014

Cite this paper:
Da-Huang Chen, Pei-Luen Jiang, Tzyy-Rong Jinn and Jason T.C. Tzen. Analysis of Major Constituents in Seed Cells of Aquilaria sinensis. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2014; 2(1):34-39. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-2-1-6

Abstract

Agarwood, a resinous heartwood with valuable fragrance, is formed when the Aquilaria trees are injured. In the past two decades, many Aquilaria plants were cultivated for the induction of agarwood in Taiwan. Plenty of Aquilaria seeds are generated annually, and seem to be a reliable agricultural source. However, the constituents of these seeds have not been analyzed. Proximate composition of fresh Aquilaria seeds was analyzed as 44.4% moisture, 24.9% crude lipid, 16.7% carbohydrate, 10.3% crude fiber, 2.4% crude protein, and 1.3% ash. Two major subcellular organelles, abundant oil bodies and large protein bodies, were observed in electron microscopy. Protein bodies are possibly composed of soluble 2 S albumin and insoluble 11 globulin storage proteins. Oil bodies presumably encapsulate abundant storage lipids with oleosin and caleosin. The storage lipids in oil bodies were mainly neutral lipids (> 90% triacylglycerols and ~5% diacylglycerols). Fatty acids released from these neutral lipids were highly unsaturated with approximately 80% of oleic acid. Oily Aquilaria seed is an adequate source of neutral lipids rich in unsaturated oleic acid, and its oil bodies may serve as storage pools for the accumulation of unique agarwood lipid compounds after the tree is substantially injured for years.

Keywords:
Aquilaria protein body oil body oily seed oleic acid

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