Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jfnr Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2021, 9(7), 382-388
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-9-7-9
Open AccessArticle

To evaluate the Effects of Lactic Acid Bacteria Fermented Lemon Juice from Limon and Eureka Varieties of Taiwan on Anti-pathogenic Bacteria and Anti-allergy

Cheng-Chih Tsai1, , Li-Yun Lin1, Tzu-Min Lai1 and Lan-Chun Chou1

1Department of Food Science and Technology, HungKuang University, Taichung 43302, Taiwan

Pub. Date: July 18, 2021

Cite this paper:
Cheng-Chih Tsai, Li-Yun Lin, Tzu-Min Lai and Lan-Chun Chou. To evaluate the Effects of Lactic Acid Bacteria Fermented Lemon Juice from Limon and Eureka Varieties of Taiwan on Anti-pathogenic Bacteria and Anti-allergy. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2021; 9(7):382-388. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-9-7-9

Abstract

Lemon juice contains many bioactive compounds that have potential health benefits. In this study, two different lactic acid bacteria (LAB) strains were used as starter cultures, change in pH, viable cell count during fermentation and antimicrobial, immune boosting, anti-allergy properties were monitored. LAB strains were able to grow in the juice and their viable cell reached to 8.0 log CFU/mL after 72 h at 30°C. Fermentation of lemon juice with LAB had a 2+ inhibitory ability against Vibrio parahaemolyticus and 3+ inhibitory ability against uropathogenic Escherichia coli. The inhibitory action of lactic acid fermentation against the pathogens may be due to the accumulation of main primary metabolites and pH changed during the fermentation. In the adhesion assay, PL LP10069 and TL PM229 exhibited stronger adherence to the Caco-2 cell line. With the anti-allergy test, the expression of anti-allergy cytokine of lemon juice fermentation in PBMC cell lines. The result indicated the significant enhanced to IL-12 by 1% NE PM229. The conclusion showed that fermentation of Lemon juice by probiotic bacteria not only increase antibacterial and anti-allergy effects but also enhance health benefit.

Keywords:
lemon lactic acid bacteria antimicrobial anti-allergy

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