Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2020, 8(7), 329-336
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-8-7-4
Open AccessArticle

Promotion of Human Milk Substitutes in the Opinion of Mothers of Young Children

Barbara Baranowska1, 2, Antonina Doroszewska3, , Dorota Sys4, Iwona Kiersnowska5, Agata Aleksandrowicz6, Urszula Bernatowicz-Łojko1, 7, Michał Rabijewski4, Anna Kajdy4 and Aleksandra Wesołowska8, 7

1Department of Midwifery, Centre of Postgraduate Medical Education, Warsaw, Poland

2Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Didactics, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland

3Department of Medical Communication, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland

4Department of Reproductive Health, Centre of Postgraduate Medical Education, Warsaw, Poland

5Department of Obstetrics and Perinatology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland

6Foundation for the Promotion of Breastfeeding, Warsaw, Poland

7Human Milk Bank Foundation Warsaw, Poland

8Laboratory of Human Milk and Lactation Research at Regional Human Milk Bank in Holy Hospital, Medical University of Warsaw, Department of Neonatology, Warsaw, Poland, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland

Pub. Date: July 29, 2020

Cite this paper:
Barbara Baranowska, Antonina Doroszewska, Dorota Sys, Iwona Kiersnowska, Agata Aleksandrowicz, Urszula Bernatowicz-Łojko, Michał Rabijewski, Anna Kajdy and Aleksandra Wesołowska. Promotion of Human Milk Substitutes in the Opinion of Mothers of Young Children. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2020; 8(7):329-336. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-8-7-4


Background. The International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes was established to reduce the detrimental effect of promotional activities of companies producing BMS on attitudes towards breastfeeding. Objective. The study was carried out to assess maternal opinions on promotional activities related to BMS in medical facilities, participation of medical staff in advising mothers to feed children with BMS, and other promotional activities related to those products. Design. This study was part of the Netcode survey. Data was collected via structured interviews and the results were analyzed with the use of descriptive statistics and Chi-Square Post-Hoc analysis using the program SPPS. Settings. Poland. Participants. Women caring for children age 0-36 months (N =380). Results. More than one third of the interviewed women (35%) declared that they were informed to give milk products other than human milk to children below 6 months of age (n=132). Among people recommending these types of products, women mostly indicated health care professionals. In health centers mothers were mainly exposed to brochures and have received free samples of BMS. Conclusions. The investigation has shown a substantial exposition of women to marketing of BMS, with significant involvement of medical professionals. Promoting BMS to mothers who can feed naturally, without providing them enough support to continue natural feeding is unethical. Measures should be implemented to better adhere to the Code.

breast-milk substitutes ethical aspect medical staff

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