Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2019, 7(10), 717-724
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-7-10-5
Open AccessArticle

Nutrition Education and Psychosocial Stimulation Improves Child Development in Rural Early Childhood Education in Indonesia

Hadi Riyadi1, , Ali Khomsan1, Faisal Anwar1, Tin Herawati2, Neti Hernawati2, Atika Rahma2, Rian Diana3 and Guntari Prasetya4

1Department of Community Nutrition, Faculty of Human Ecology, IPB University, Bogor 16680 West Java, Indonesia

2Department of Family and Consumer Science, Faculty of Human Ecology, IPB University, Bogor 16680 West Java, Indonesia

3Department of Health and Nutrition, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga Campus C Mulyorejo, Surabaya 60115, East Java, Indonesia

4Nutrition Science Program, STIKes Mitra Keluarga, Pengasinan Rawa Semut, Road., Margahayu, East Bekasi 17113, West Java, Indonesia

Pub. Date: October 21, 2019

Cite this paper:
Hadi Riyadi, Ali Khomsan, Faisal Anwar, Tin Herawati, Neti Hernawati, Atika Rahma, Rian Diana and Guntari Prasetya. Nutrition Education and Psychosocial Stimulation Improves Child Development in Rural Early Childhood Education in Indonesia. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2019; 7(10):717-724. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-7-10-5


Early childhood education (Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini - PAUD) in Indonesia is an educational effort intended to preschool-aged children through stimulation to support children’s growth and development. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of nutrition and psychosocial stimulation to the child development in rural PAUD. A quasi-experimental design consisted baseline and end-line data collections of control (baseline: n=68; end-line: n=61) and intervention (baseline: n=69; end-line: n=63) groups of children under five years and their mothers were investigated for 12 months following the nutrition education and psychosocial stimulation. In addition, the investigation also carried out to the teachers at PAUDs. The study was conducted at 6 PAUDs in Dramaga Sub-district (control) and 4 PAUDs in Tamansari Sub-district (intervention) in the City of Bogor, West Java, Indonesia. The outcomes included characteristics of study participants, mothers’ nutritional knowledge-attitude-practice, mothers’ and teachers’ psychosocial stimulation knowledge and practice, children’s nutritional status and development. Nutrition education increase mothers’ nutritional knowledge score of 4.7 points (p< 0.01). Child development score was greater in intervention group (p< 0.001). The intervention could withstand the decline in body mass index for age z-scores (BAZ) (p= 0.017). The intervention improves mothers’ nutritional knowledge and practice, mothers’ and teacher’s psychosocial knowledge and practice, and child development. The intervention can be successfully implemented by mothers and teachers in rural PAUD.

child development early childhood education nutrition education preschool-aged children psychosocial stimulation

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