Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jfnr Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2019, 7(9), 639-645
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-7-9-3
Open AccessArticle

Emotional Eating and Poor General Lifestyle Prevalent among Obese Young Adults

Isabel Medina-Vera1, Héctor Infante-Sierra2, Alejandro Gabriel González-Garay1, Martha Guevara-Cruz3, Carlos Pérez-Monter4 and Aurora Elizabeth Serralde-Zúñiga5,

1Depto. de Metodología de la Investigación, Instituto Nacional de Pediatría, CP 04530 CDMX, Mexico

2Depto. de Medicina Interna, Hospital de Especialidades de la CDMX “Dr. Belisario Domínguez”, CP 09790 CDMX, Mexico

3Depto. de Fisiología de la Nutrición, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, CP 14080 CDMX, Mexico

4Depto. de Gastroenterología, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, CP 14080 CDMX, Mexico

5Servicio de Nutriología Clínica, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, CP 14080 CDMX, Mexico

Pub. Date: September 12, 2019

Cite this paper:
Isabel Medina-Vera, Héctor Infante-Sierra, Alejandro Gabriel González-Garay, Martha Guevara-Cruz, Carlos Pérez-Monter and Aurora Elizabeth Serralde-Zúñiga. Emotional Eating and Poor General Lifestyle Prevalent among Obese Young Adults. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2019; 7(9):639-645. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-7-9-3

Abstract

Aim: To evaluate the association between obesity and lifestyle factors, eating behaviors related to emotional eating, and body perception. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out with individuals of both sexes by taking anthropometric, biochemical and clinical measurements. Questionnaires were used to evaluate lifestyle, eating habits, emotional eating behavior and self-perception of body image. The participants were stratified according to body mass index (BMI). Results: A total of 318 subjects were evaluated (44% women), with an average age of 34 ± 8 years. Regarding the lifestyle questionnaire, the normal BMI group obtained a higher score [ 78.5 (71-82)] than did the overweight [76 (69-80)] and obesity groups [73 (65-79)], (p=0.005); this finding indicated that the normal BMI group had a healthier lifestyle. Conversely, the questionnaire on emotional behaviors related to emotional eating showed that the normal BMI group had lower scores [7 (3-13)] than the overweight [8 (3-15)] and obesity groups [12 (5 -21)], (p=0.008). Being a very emotional eater significantly increases the risk of obesity (OR= 3.83 (95% CI, 1.67-8.7) (p=0.002). Overall, 51.1% of the participants had a self-perception that was incorrect according to their BMI. Conclusion: Individuals frequently have a misperception of their body shape. People with obesity had lifestyle factors that were less favorable for their health as well as higher rates of emotional eating, both of which are risk factors for obesity.

Keywords:
body perception lifestyle eating behaviors BMI emotional eating obesity

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