Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2019, 7(8), 560-567
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-7-8-2
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Inhibition of Proliferation of Colorectal Cancer Cells by Phenolic Extracts of Mandarin (Citrus reticulate) and Lime (Citrus aurantifolia) Fruit Waste

Francisco J Esparza-Martínez1, , Pablo García Solis2, Rita Miranda-López3 and Vicente Peña-Caballero1

1Departamento Ingeniería Agroindustrial, Universidad Guanajuato, campus Celaya-Salvatierra, Ing. Barros Sierra No. 201, Ejido de Santa María, Celaya Guanajuato, México

2Departamento de Medicina, Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro, Clavel No.200, Prados de La Capilla, Santiago de Querétaro, Querétaro. México

3Posgrado de Ingeniería Bioquímica, Tecnológico de Celaya, Celaya, Gto., México. Av. Tecnológico s/n, Celaya, Gto. México

Pub. Date: August 11, 2019

Cite this paper:
Francisco J Esparza-Martínez, Pablo García Solis, Rita Miranda-López and Vicente Peña-Caballero. Inhibition of Proliferation of Colorectal Cancer Cells by Phenolic Extracts of Mandarin (Citrus reticulate) and Lime (Citrus aurantifolia) Fruit Waste. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2019; 7(8):560-567. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-7-8-2


Several epidemiological studies have suggested that phenolics have antineoplastic activities. The objective of this study was to determine the antiproliferative effect of rich phenolics extracts of mandarin (Citrus reticulate) and lime (Citrus aurantifolia) fruit waste in colorectal cancer cells, RKO (carcinom) and HT-29 (adenocarcinom). Antiproliferative effect was evaluated using the methylthiazolydiphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and testing phenolics extracts from different mandarin and lime fruit waste drying temperatures (fresh, 60, 90, 120ºC), at different times (24, 48 and 72 h). Mandarin and lime phenolics extracts inhibit cell viability of colon cancer cell lines, HT-29 and RKO, at 24 h to 72 h. Results suggested that phenolics extracts had different action mechanisms on each type of cells and therefore, more studies were required to elucidate such mechanisms.

antiproliferative activity colorectal cancer phenolic compounds

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