Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2019, 7(7), 491-499
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-7-7-2
Open AccessArticle

Dietary Inflammatory Index is Associated with Excessive Body Weight and Dietary Patterns in Subjects with Cardiometabolic Risk

Talitha Silva Meneguelli1, Jéssica Viana Hinkelmann1, Juliana Farias de Novaes1, Carla de Oliveira Barbosa Rosa1, Mariana De Santis Filgueiras1, Brenda Kelly Souza Silveira1, Nitin Shivappa2, 3, James R Hebert2, 3 and Helen Hermana Miranda Hermsdorff1,

1¹Department of Nutrition and Health, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil

2Cancer Prevention and Control Program, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA

3Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA;Connecting Health Innovations LLC, Columbia, SC, 29201, USA

Pub. Date: July 11, 2019

Cite this paper:
Talitha Silva Meneguelli, Jéssica Viana Hinkelmann, Juliana Farias de Novaes, Carla de Oliveira Barbosa Rosa, Mariana De Santis Filgueiras, Brenda Kelly Souza Silveira, Nitin Shivappa, James R Hebert and Helen Hermana Miranda Hermsdorff. Dietary Inflammatory Index is Associated with Excessive Body Weight and Dietary Patterns in Subjects with Cardiometabolic Risk. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2019; 7(7):491-499. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-7-7-2


Unhealthy eating habits can trigger chronic inflammation in organs and tissues, and subsequent cardiovascular risk. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the potential association of Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII™) score with cardiometabolic risk factors and a priori and a posteriori dietary patterns in adults and elderly Brazilians (42 ± 16 years) from a health care program. This cross-sectional study was carried out with 248 individuals (138 women and 110 men) from a Cardiovascular Health Care Program of the Universidade Federal de Viçosa (PROCARDIO-UFV, ReBEC ID number: RBR-5n4y2g). Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics, lifestyle and anthropometric data were assessed by standardized protocols. DII scores were calculated from a 24 h-recall, and dietary patterns were determined by a posteriori method, as Principal Component Analysis (PAC), and a priori method, as Healthy Eating Index (HEI). The mean DII was 0.15 ± 0.84. The subjects included in the most pro-inflammatory category(3rd tertile) were more likely to be individuals with excessive body weight, increased waist-to-hip ratio and lower quality diet assessed by PAC and HEI. The most pro-inflammatory diet was associated with excessive body weight as well as other worse dietary patterns.

Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII™) Healthy Eating Index (HEI) Principal Component Analysis (PCA) dietary patterns cardiometabolic risk inflammation

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