Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jfnr Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2019, 7(7), 485-490
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-7-7-1
Open AccessArticle

Linum usitatissimum (Flaxseed) Oil during Postpartum Period Contributes to Lean Mass and Healthy Serum Lipid Profile in Rats

Bianca Ferolla da Camara Boueri1, , Carolina Ribeiro Pessanha1, Aline D’Avila Pereira1, Danielle Cavalcante Ribeiro1, Fernanda Carvalho de Santana2, Jorge Mancini-Filho2, Carlos Alberto Soares da Costa1 and Gilson Teles Boaventura2

1Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Fluminense Federal University, Niterói, Brazil

2Department of Food Science and Experimental Nutrition, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

Pub. Date: July 06, 2019

Cite this paper:
Bianca Ferolla da Camara Boueri, Carolina Ribeiro Pessanha, Aline D’Avila Pereira, Danielle Cavalcante Ribeiro, Fernanda Carvalho de Santana, Jorge Mancini-Filho, Carlos Alberto Soares da Costa and Gilson Teles Boaventura. Linum usitatissimum (Flaxseed) Oil during Postpartum Period Contributes to Lean Mass and Healthy Serum Lipid Profile in Rats. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2019; 7(7):485-490. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-7-7-1

Abstract

There is a dearth of efficient strategies to support postpartum among women in order to protect them from chronic diseases in later life. Flaxseed oil (FO) is a food derived oil that has functional ingredients as alpha-linolenic acid (ALA). The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of FO during postpartum period in body parameters and lipid profile in rats. After the delivery of their pups, rats were randomly divided into two groups: control – diet with soybean oil as fat source- or FO – diet with FO as a fat source. After 51 days offering experimental diets, each group was evaluated on body composition, intra-abdominal fat, serum lipid profile and polyunsaturated fatty acids. The diet based on FO recorded high serum levels of ALA (P<0.0001) and eicosapentaenoic fatty acids (P<0.05). The diet also recorded a decrease in gamma-linolenic (P<0.05), dihomo-gamma-linolenic (P<0.05) and arachidonic fatty acids (P<0.0001). These aforementioned results lead to the activation of metabolic and physiologic pathways that provided higher lean mass (P<0.05), lower results on total cholesterol (P<0.05) and low density cholesterol (P<0.05). Hence, consumption of FO during postpartum can promote lean mass and healthy body composition, better lipid profile and contribute to chronic disease prevention.

Keywords:
flaxseed oil alpha-linolenic acid body composition postpartum period rats

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