Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jfnr Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2019, 7(3), 224-230
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-7-3-7
Open AccessArticle

Fatty Acid-rich Trout Bone Soup Demonstrates Potential to Mask Bitterness of Food and Chinese Medicine

Ying Han1 and Zhizhou Zhang1, 2,

1School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China

2School of Marine Science and Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Weihai 264209, China;Marine Antifouling Engineering Technology Center of Shandong Province, Weihai, 264209, China

Pub. Date: March 16, 2019

Cite this paper:
Ying Han and Zhizhou Zhang. Fatty Acid-rich Trout Bone Soup Demonstrates Potential to Mask Bitterness of Food and Chinese Medicine. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2019; 7(3):224-230. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-7-3-7

Abstract

Many Chinese medicine soups are very bitter and hard for children to drink. Some direct and simple bitter-masking approaches in daily food and Chinese medicine are always of great need. In this study, a rainbow trout bone soup-based efficient de-bittering method was discovered by serendipity when the authors tried to attenuate the bitterness of the bone soups made from cod and salmon. The bitterness of one of the bitterest daily food, bitter mellon, was completely removed by the trout bone extract. The bitterness of the soups of Coptis chinensis and kuh-seng, two of the extreme bitter Chinese medicine, were also eliminated with high efficiency. Bone soups made of cod and salmon didn’t have de-bittering function. Fatty acids composition analysis was performed with the bone soups made from cod, salmon and trout, and the results clearly demonstrated that the trout soup has much higher concentrations of myristic acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid, cis-9-hexadecenoic acid, and cis-9-octadecenoic acid. The combination of the five pure fatty acids did display the capacity to almost remove the bitterness of all above tested soup materials, either food or Chinese medicine. But other combinations (less than five components) cannot achieve the same level of de-bittering effect.

Keywords:
fatty acids bitterness masking trout bone soup

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