Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jfnr Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2019, 7(2), 141-147
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-7-2-6
Open AccessArticle

Sociodemographic and Lifestyle Factors Are Associated with Diet Quality in Cardiometabolic Risk Subjects

Brenda Kelly Souza Silveira1, Juliana Farias de Novaes1, Nínive de Almeida Reis1, Larissa Pereira Lourenço1, Ana Helena Moretto Capobiango1, Arieta Carla Gualandi Leal1 and Helen Hermana Miranda Hermsdorff1,

1Department of Nutrition and Health, Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV), Viçosa, Brazil

Pub. Date: February 18, 2019

Cite this paper:
Brenda Kelly Souza Silveira, Juliana Farias de Novaes, Nínive de Almeida Reis, Larissa Pereira Lourenço, Ana Helena Moretto Capobiango, Arieta Carla Gualandi Leal and Helen Hermana Miranda Hermsdorff. Sociodemographic and Lifestyle Factors Are Associated with Diet Quality in Cardiometabolic Risk Subjects. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2019; 7(2):141-147. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-7-2-6

Abstract

We investigated the association of social and lifestyle factors with diet quality in a cardiometabolic risk population. Cross-sectional data was from 265 subjects (aged 42 ± 16 years) attended at the Cardiovascular Health Care Program - PROCARDIO UFV (ReBEC identifier: RBR-5n4y2g). A 24-hour recall was applied and the Revised Healthy Eating Index (R-HEI) was calculated. Socioeconomic and lifestyle data were collected by chart analysis. Women (PR = 1.02, 95% CI: 1.01, 1.04), elderly (PR = 1.05, 95% CI: 1.02, 1.15), and those who eventually drink alcohol (PR = 1.02, 95% CI 1.01, 1.15) presented better diet quality (R-HEI> 70.8 points). Single subjects (PR = 0.89, 95% CI: 0.82, 0.98) and those with higher educational status (PR = 0.90, 95% CI 0.82, 0.98) presented lower score. Women had better scores on milk and dairy products, fruits and sodium. The elderly (> 60 years) presented better scores for total R-HEI, total vegetables and empty calories from solid fats, sugar and alcohol (GORD_AA) (p<0.05). Socioeconomic and lifestyle factors were associated to diet quality in cardiometabolic risk population, indicating the importance of identifying and considering in nutritional education strategies.

Keywords:
Healthy Eating Index diet quality educational status lifestyle sociodemographic factors

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