Journal of Finance and Economics
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Journal of Finance and Economics. 2014, 2(3), 90-100
DOI: 10.12691/jfe-2-3-6
Open AccessResearch Article

Multinational Banks and the Performance of Their Subsidiaries Abroad

Oskar Kowalewski1,

1Institute of Economics, Polish Academy of Sciences, World Economy Research Institute, Warsaw School of Economics

Pub. Date: March 16, 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Multinational Capital Budgeting)

Cite this paper:
Oskar Kowalewski. Multinational Banks and the Performance of Their Subsidiaries Abroad. Journal of Finance and Economics. 2014; 2(3):90-100. doi: 10.12691/jfe-2-3-6


This paper investigates whether foreign subsidiaries outperform their parent banks in terms of profitability and what determines this outcome. Using a sample of multinational banks and their subsidiaries in a large number of countries, this study shows that, on average, foreign subsidiaries are less profitable than their parent banks. However, the results show that foreign subsidiaries tend to perform better than their parent banks if they are well capitalized, have low overhead costs and loss low provision. I find also show that foreign subsidiaries tend to perform better than their parent banks if the latter are underperforming in the home market. While, the legal distance between host country and host country is an important determinant of the profitability of the subsidiary in relation to its parent bank, to a lesser extent, are the host market’s characteristics. Finally, foreign banks are more likely to outperform parent banks in developing markets than in developed countries. However, different bank and host country determinants influence the profitability of the subsidiaries in these countries.

international banking foreign banks subsidiary performance

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