Journal of Finance and Economics
ISSN (Print): 2328-7284 ISSN (Online): 2328-7276 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jfe Editor-in-chief: Suman Banerjee
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
Journal of Finance and Economics. 2020, 8(3), 142-151
DOI: 10.12691/jfe-8-3-7
Open AccessArticle

The Role of Rural Livelihood Diversification Strategies for Household Food Security in Southern Ethiopia: Empirical Evidence from Kecha Bira District of Kembata Tembaro Zone

Berhanu Getinet1, and Tariku Lorato2

1Department of Economics, Hawassa University

2Department of economics, Dilla University

Pub. Date: June 07, 2020

Cite this paper:
Berhanu Getinet and Tariku Lorato. The Role of Rural Livelihood Diversification Strategies for Household Food Security in Southern Ethiopia: Empirical Evidence from Kecha Bira District of Kembata Tembaro Zone. Journal of Finance and Economics. 2020; 8(3):142-151. doi: 10.12691/jfe-8-3-7

Abstract

Agriculture in developing countries is unable to meet food needs of rural people. Thus, rural households engage in to different livelihood diversification activities to ensure their food needs and secure their future livelihoods. The study investigated the role of livelihood diversification strategies for rural household food security in Kembata Tembaro Zone, Southern Ethiopia with empirical evidence from Kecha Birra district with data collected from a sample of 355 households selected by multistage sampling technique. The descriptive statistics were used to identify the livelihood strategies in the study area. The finding of the study indicated that majority of the rural households (41.6%) engaged into on-farm activity. However, 22.54%, 21.41% and 14.37% practice on-farm plus off- farm; on-farm plus non-farm; and on-farm plus off-farm plus non-farm livelihood diversification activities respectively. Household food insecurity access scale (HFIAS) was used to measure food security status of households. The study result showed that 51.27% households were food insecure and the rest 48.73% were food secured. Logistic regression model was used to assess the role of livelihood diversification strategies to rural household food security. The results of the model indicated livelihood diversification strategies, Income obtained from diversification activities, Education status of the households, Total farm land size of households, Total livestock unit owned and Training and extension service are positively and significantly related to rural household food security status and improves food security status of rural households. It confirmed that livelihood diversification strategies have a positive effect and would be the best solution to reduce poverty and improve food security at household level in rural areas. Therefore, due attention should be given to strengthen livelihood diversification strategies so as to improve rural household food security.

Keywords:
Rural Livelihood diversification role HFIAS Logit model food security southern Ethiopia

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  World Bank “Agriculture for Development Policy”. Washington, D.C: World Bank. pp. 177-179.2008.
 
[2]  Babatunde,R.O., “On-Farm and Off-farm Works: Complement orSubstitute? Evidence from Rural Nigeria”. Contributed paper for the 4th International Conference of the African Association of Agricultural Economists September 22-25, 2013. Hammamet, Tunisia. URL:Economists, Septehttp://ageconsearch.umn. June 10, 2013.
 
[3]  Jirstrom, M. Andersson A, Djurfeldt G., “Smallholders caught in poverty-flickering signs of agricultural dynamism”. In AfricanSmallholders: food crops, markets and policy. London, 2011
 
[4]  Samar; “The problem of food insecurity in Africa”. Institute of African Research and Studies, 2015.
 
[5]  Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO).,“Severe food insecurity in Southren Somali Region due to prolonged drought”, 2017).
 
[6]  MOFED(Ministry Of Finance And Economic Developemnt)., “Food Security Programme 2010 - 2014”, Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2016.
 
[7]  Tezera, M., “Determinants of Rural Households Livelihood Diversification: The case of LibokemkemWoreda, Amhara region” . Addis Ababa: AAU,Ethiopia, 2010.
 
[8]  Workneh,N., “Food Security Strategy and Productive Safety Net Program”. Digest of Ethiopia’s National Policies, Strategies and Programs, Pp 1-22. Forum for Social Science: Addis Ababa. Ethiopia,2008.
 
[9]  NPC., “The 2017 Voluntary National Reviews on SDGs of Ethiopia: Government Commitments, National Ownership and PerformanceTrends” Addis Ababa,Ethiopia, 2017.
 
[10]  FEWS NET., “Largescale food security emergency projected for Ethiopia”. FEWS NET: Wshington, October 2016.
 
[11]  WAO., “Kecha Bira woreda agricultural office report” ,Kambata Tambaro Zone,Southern Ethioopia, 2017.
 
[12]  African Development Bank., "African food security brief: Special focus on Climate of Africa Food security change Impacts". Statistics Department, Issue No 5, April 2014.
 
[13]  Emanuel,E., “Rural Livelihood Diversification and Agricultural household welfare in Ghana” .J.Develop.Agricultural. Economics., 3(7), 325-334, 2011.
 
[14]  Yisehak, G.,Gezahegn, A., Tesfaye, L., Dawit, A., “Rural household livelihood strategies: Options and determinants in the case of Wolaita Zone, Southern Ethiopia”. Social Sciences Research, 3. 92-104, (2014).
 
[15]  Yenesew,S. Y., Eric N. O., and Fekadu B., “Determinants of livelihood diversification strategies: The caseof smallholder rural farm households in Debre Elias Woreda, East Gojjam Zone, Ethiopia”. Journal of Agricultural Research, 10, 1998-2013. 9-10, 2015.
 
[16]  Yalneh, B.,“Poverty profile and livelihood diversification in Rural Ethiopia: Implication to poverty reduction” , Konrad, Hagedorn, 2002
 
[17]  Enat, S., “Challenges of Rural Livelihood Diversification: The case of SebetaAwas District in South West Shoa Zone, Oromiya Region, Ethiopia”. Addis Ababa University, Unpublished MA Thesis. College of Developmental Studies. (2007).
 
[18]  Abebaw, S., “Dimensions and Determinants of Food Security among Rural Household” . Dire Dawa, Eastern Ethiopia,2003.
 
[19]  Birhanu, N. and Getachew, D., “Livelihood Diversification: Strategies, Determinants and Challenges for Pastoral and Agro-Pastoral Communities of Bale Zone, Ethiopia”. International Review of Social Sciences and Humanities, pp. 48-49, 2017.
 
[20]  Tibabu, A and Sisay, G., “Level and Determinants of Food Security in North Wollo Zone (Amhara Region - Ethiopia). Journal of Food Security, Vol. 5, No. 6, 232-247, 2017.
 
[21]  Central Statistics Agency of Ethiopia (CSA)., “The population projection for July 2011Magazine (1)”, CSA, Addis Ababa, 2017.
 
[22]  De Vaus, D., “ Research design in social research”. London, California and NewDelhi: SAGE Publications Ltd.,2001.
 
[23]  Berger, M.P. and Wong, W.K., “An Introduction to Optimal Designs for Social and BiomedicalResearch”. Willey, Chichester. 2009.
 
[24]  Casley, D. and Kumar, K., “The collection, Analysis and use of Monitoring and Evaluation of data” .The international Bank of reconstruction and development. Washington D.C., 1988.
 
[25]  Krishna, W. and Ranga, N., “Creating and Harnessing social capital. In Dasgupta, P. and I.Seragdldin, Social capital: a multifaceted persepective” . The World Bank, Washington, D.C. 2005.
 
[26]  Yemane, T., Statistics: An Introductory Analysis, 2nd Ed. New York: Harper and Row, 1967.
 
[27]  Ken, B., “ Business Statistics for Contemporary Decision Making” Fourth (Wiley Student Edition for India) ed.). Wiley-India. ISBN 978-81-265-0809-9, (2004).
 
[28]  Gujarati, Damodar N., “Basic Econometrics” (4th ed.). New York: The McGraw-Hill Campanies,2004.
 
[29]  Hosmer, D. and Stanley Lemeshow., “Applied Logistic Regression” 2nd Ed.,AP Wiley Inter-science Publication, JOHN WILEY & SONS, INC. New York,2000.
 
[30]  John C., “Good Practices in the Organisation and Management of Statistical Systems' for ASEAN countries” , Yangon Myanmar, Dec.11-13, 2002.
 
[31]  Nigel L.,“ The average survey response rate” , 2018 benchmark, 2018.
 
[32]  Williams., “Hetroscedasticity” . University of Notre Dame,2002.
 
[33]  Jennifer, C. Anne, S. and Paula B., “Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) for Measurement of Food Access: Indicator Guide(V.3)”.Washington, DC 20009-5721: Food and technical assisstant project , Academy for Educational Development, 2007.
 
[34]  Mahama, S. and shaibu, M.O., “school of medicine and health science Report”, University for development studies.Ghana,2013.
 
[35]  Mensah, C., “The Impact of livelihood Diversification on Food Security Amongst Farm Households in Northern Ghana: A case study of Bole District, Ghana”. University of the Western Cape, 2014.
 
[36]  Daniel, C. N.,Raphael, N.E.,and Chigozirim N. O., “Effects of livelihood diversification on food security status of rural farm households in Abia State Nigeria”. Scientific Papers Series Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural DevelopmentPRINT ISSN 2284-7995, E-ISSN 2285-3952.Vol. 17, Issue 1, 201